Side-chain interactions in the plastocyanin-cytochrome f complex
2000 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 39, no 17, 5022-5027 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cytochrome f and plastocyanin are redox partners in the photosynthetic electron-transfer chain. Electron transfer from cytochrome f to plastocyanin occurs in a specific short-lived complex. To obtain detailed information about the binding interface in this transient complex, the effects of binding on the backbone and side-chain protons of plastocyanin have been analyzed by mapping NMR chemical-shift changes. Cytochrome f was added to plastocyanin up to 0.3 M equiv, and the plastocyanin proton chemical shifts were measured. Out of approximately 500 proton resonances, 86% could be observed with this method. Nineteen percent demonstrate significant chemical-shift changes and these protons are located in the hydrophobic patch (including the copper ligands) and the acidic patches of plastocyanin, demonstrating that both areas are part of the interface in the complex. This is consistent with the recently determined structure of the complex [Ubbink, M., Ejdebäck, M., Karlsson, B. G., and Bendall, D. S. (1998) Structure 6, 323-335]. The largest chemical-shift changes are found around His87 in the hydrophobic patch, which indicates tight contacts and possibly water exclusion from this part of the protein interface. These results support the idea that electron transfer occurs via His87 to the copper in plastocyanin and suggest that the hydrophobic patch determines the specificity of the binding. The chemical-shift changes in the acidic patches are significant but small, suggesting that the acidic groups are involved in electrostatic interactions but remain solvent exposed. The existence of small differences between the present data and those used for the structure may imply that the redox state of the metals in both proteins slightly affects the structure of the complex. The chemical-shift mapping is performed on unlabeled proteins, making it an efficient way to analyze effects of mutations on the structure of the complex.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2000. Vol. 39, no 17, 5022-5027 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Natural sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-9897DOI: 10.1021/bi992757cISI: 000086737900007PubMedID: 10819966ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0039591353OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-9897DiVA: diva2:743778