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Methylation-mediated gene silencing of suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1) gene in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients of Kashmir valley
Division of Molecular Genetics & Biochemistry, Institute of Cytology & Preventive Oncology (ICMR), Noida, India.
Department of Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2885-5708
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Division of Molecular Genetics & Biochemistry, Institute of Cytology & Preventive Oncology (ICMR), Noida, India.
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2011 (English)In: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research, ISSN 1079-9893, E-ISSN 1532-4281, Vol. 31, no 2, 147-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

CONTEXT: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Jammu and Kashmir. The negative regulation of tumor suppressor gene leading to change in signaling pathway is one of the major mechanisms responsible for tumorigenic transformation.

OBJECTIVE: In the present study, the role of silencing of suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1) gene, a negative regulator of JAK/STAT pathway, was analyzed in ESCC.

METHODS: The expression pattern of SOCS-1 gene was analyzed in esophageal tumor biopsies although normal adjacent tissues that served as controls. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunohistochemistry, methylation-specific PCR (MSP), and human papillomavirus (HPV) detection were performed to assess the expression pattern and promoter methylation of SOCS-1 gene including HPV status in a total of 75 surgically resected tissue specimens.

RESULTS: Compared with the level of SOCS-1 expression in normal tissues, 53% (40/75) of the tumor tissues expressed either undetectable or reduced SOCS-1 expression (>50% loss of expression), which was significantly associated with advanced clinical stage or severe histopathological grade of the disease (P < 0.01). Aberrant promoter methylation of the SOCS-1 gene was found in 45% (34/75) of the esophageal tumor tissues, which was also found to be significantly associated with advanced stage of esophageal carcinoma (P < 0.01). The prevalence of HPV infection was found in 19% of tumor cases, whereas no HPV could be detected in any of the normal adjacent tissues.

CONCLUSION: Transcriptional inactivation of SOCS-1 gene, primarily due to its promoter hypermethylation although HPV infection, may play an important role in esophageal carcinogenesis in Kashmir.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2011. Vol. 31, no 2, 147-56 p.
Keyword [en]
SOCS-1, promoter methylation, ESCC
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Research subject
Natural sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8998DOI: 10.3109/10799893.2011.553836ISI: 000288167600007PubMedID: 21385099ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79952591142OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-8998DiVA: diva2:712821
Available from: 2014-04-16 Created: 2014-04-16 Last updated: 2016-10-27Bibliographically approved

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Singh, Neha
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