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Sjuksköterskans kunskap i vården av patienter med HIV.: En litteraturöversikt om sjuksköterskans kunskap och dess betydelse i vården av patienter med HIV-smitta.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses´ knowledge in the care of patients with HIV. : A literature-review of nurses' knowledge and its importance in the care ofpatients with HIV infection. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: HIV är ett globalt problem med cirka 30-36 miljoner människor som har sjukdomen. Generellt har människor med HIV-smitta sämre hälsa och känsla av sammanhang, behovet av information har hälsorelaterad påverkan på patienter.

Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva sjuksköterskans kunskap och dess betydelse i vården av patienter med HIV-smitta.

Metod: Studien består av en litteraturöversikt innehållande tretton artiklar med såväl kvantitativ som kvalitativ ansats.

Resultat: Sjuksköterskor har viljan och anser att de behöver lära sig mer om sjukdomen. Positiva attityder gentemot patienter hör samman med bättre kunskap. Utbildning om HIV minskar rädsla och ger sjuksköterskor större förståelse för diskriminering och stigmatisering.

Slutsats: Kunskapen hos sjuksköterskor har betydelse i vården av patienter med HIV-smitta, den visar sig i attityder och ställningstaganden samt rädsla och stigma. Kunskapen minskar rädslan hos sjuksköterskor, vilket leder till en god vård för patienterna. Sjuksköterskors medvetenhet om att beteenden påverkar stigmatisering gör att hälsan sannolikt ökar hos patienterna.

Abstract [en]

Background: HIV is a global problem, about 30-36 million people have the disease. Generally, people with HIV infection have worse health and sense of coherence, the need for information has health-related effects on patients.

Purpose: The purpose is to describe nurses' knowledge and its importance in the care of patients with HIV infection.

Method: The study consists of a literature review with thirteen articles of both quantitative and qualitative approach.

Results: Nurses have the will and believe they need to learn more about the disease. Positive attitudes towards patients are associated with better knowledge. Education about HIV reduces fear and gives nurses greater understanding of discrimination and stigmatization.

Conclusion: The knowledge of nurses is important in the care of patients with HIV infection; it manifests itself in attitudes and positions, as well as fear and stigma. Knowledge reduces the fear of nurses, leading to good health care for patients. The nurse's awareness that behavior affects stigma means that health is likely to increase in the patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Knowledge, HIV, Nurse
Keyword [sv]
Knowledge, HIV, Nurse
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8942OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-8942DiVA: diva2:706418
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-03-21 Created: 2014-03-20 Last updated: 2014-03-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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