Collaboration processes, outcomes, challenges and enablers of distributed clinical communities of practice
2011 (English)In: Behavior and Information Technology, ISSN 0144-929X, E-ISSN 1362-3001, Vol. 32, no 6, 519-531 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Modern healthcare's need for knowledge sharing and bridging the research–practice gap requires new forms of collaboration, in which clinicians of varying clinical and research expertise work together over geographical and organisational borders. To support such distributed communities of practice (CoPs), an understanding of their collaboration processes, outcomes, challenges and enablers is needed. The article examines these issues through a case study of a long-running CoP, the Swedish Oral Medicine Network (SOMNet). SOMNet's main form of collaboration is monthly telephone conference meetings centred on case consultations. Cases are submitted by the clinicians via a Web-based system. The methods used were interviews, observations, and a questionnaire. The work adds to previous research by studying a distributed CoP explicitly focused on supporting the transfer of scientific results from researchers to practitioners. We found that the regular meetings give a rhythm to the community. The centrality of cases means an immediate benefit for the submitter while the community is provided an authentic context for learning. SOMNet yields opportunities for help and learning for diverse expertise levels; the type of benefits is affected by the participant's degree of oral medicine knowledge and collaboration involvement. There are challenges in accommodating varying levels of expertise and encouraging those less experienced to participate. Enablers of the collaboration include the participation of experts, meeting facilitators and well-adapted ITs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2011. Vol. 32, no 6, 519-531 p.
communities of practice, clinical collaboration, knowledge translation, medical team meetings, medical informatics, dental informatics
Computer and Information Science
Research subject Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-7403DOI: 10.1080/0144929X.2011.602426ISI: 000320180500002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84879345837OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-7403DiVA: diva2:610332