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Att vistas ute på förskolans gård: Utegård som pedagogisk arena
University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To stay out on the pre-school playground : Outside environment as the educational arena (English)
Abstract [sv]

Vi lever i ett samhälle där det förekommer mycket stress. Barn upplever en ökad stress som kan vara relaterad till minskad fysisk aktivitet på grund av att allt mer av deras fritid ägnas åt tevetittande och dataspel. Detta gör att en dålig vana växer även bland de små barnen, som hellre vill sitta stilla än röra på sig. Utgångspunkten är vikten av att redan i förskolan skapa en önskan hos barnen att komma ut i utomhusmiljö och att de ska tycka att det är roligt och spännande att vara ute. Syftet med studien är att lyfta fram förskolepedagogers yrkesroll för sitt pedagogiska arbete på förskolegården. De tre forskningsfrågorna som besvaras är (1) Hur resonerar förskolepedagoger kring det pedagogiska arbetet med barns utelek på förskolegården? (2) Hur resonerar de kring utformningen av förskolegården i relation till det pedagogiska arbetet med barnens utelek? och (3) Hur resonerar de kring delaktighet vad gäller att utforma förskolans utegård? Studien har som utgångspunkt följande begrepp; utelek, förskolegårdens utformning och pedagogiskt arbete. Studien är kvalitativ och bygger på intervjuer med pedagoger. Resultatet visade att förskolegårdarna i studien uppfyller barns "naturliga" behov som att träna sin kropp genom att springa, hoppa, leka samt samarbeta både i självbestämda och styrda aktiviteter. Pedagogernas intresse för utemiljöns utformning spelar stor roll för barns lek och utveckling. Studien bidrar till en inblick i vad utemiljöns utmaningar består i och hur dess utformning påverkar barns utelek och utveckling.

Abstract [en]

We live in a society where there is a lot of stress. Children experience on increasing level of stress that can be related to decreasing physical activity and to the fact that they spend more and more of their free time playing computer games or watching the television. This creates a bad habit among the young children, who rather sit down than move around. I assume it is important that the pre-school create such a habit for the children that they want to get outdoors and that outdoor play it is fun and exciting. The purpose of this study is to emphasize the pre-school teachers’ professional role for their pedagogical work in the pre-school playground. The three research questions answered are: (1) How do pre-school teachers’ reason about the educational work regarding children’s outdoor play in the pre-school playground? (2) How are pre-school teachers involved in the design of the pre-school playground in relation to the educational work with the children? And (3) what do they express related to their own participation in the design of the outdoor pre-school playground? The study sets out from the following concepts, children’s play, pre-school playground, outdoor activity and pedagogical work. The study is qualitative and based on interviews with pre-school teachers. The result showed that the pre-school playgrounds in this study, meet the children´s "natural" needs, where they can use their bodies in a natural way as, by running, jumping, playing and to cooperate, both in self-determined or controlled activities. Pre-school teachers’ interest in the outdoor environment design has contributed a great deal to children’s play and development. The study contributes to an insight into what the outdoor environment is about and how its design affects children's outdoor play and development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
pre-school playground, outdoor game, development, professional role
Keyword [sv]
förskolegården, utomhuslek, utveckling, yrkesroll
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-7188OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-7188DiVA: diva2:609320
Subject / course
Pedagogy
Educational program
Teacher Training Programme
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-03-11 Created: 2013-02-10 Last updated: 2013-03-11Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 915 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Pedagogical Work

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • rtf