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Gene expression variation to predict 10-year survival in lymph-node-negative breast cancer
Univ Gothenburg, Inst Clin Sci, Dept Oncol, SE-41345 Gothenburg, Sweden.
Univ Gothenburg, Inst Clin Sci, Dept Oncol, SE-41345 Gothenburg, Sweden.
Univ Gothenburg, Inst Clin Sci, Dept Oncol, SE-41345 Gothenburg, Sweden.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
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2008 (English)In: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 8, 254- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: It is of great significance to find better markers to correctly distinguish between high-risk and low-risk breast cancer patients since the majority of breast cancer cases are at present being overtreated. Methods: 46 tumours from node-negative breast cancer patients were studied with gene expression microarrays. A t-test was carried out in order to find a set of genes where the expression might predict clinical outcome. Two classifiers were used for evaluation of the gene lists, a correlation-based classifier and a Voting Features Interval (VFI) classifier. We then evaluated the predictive accuracy of this expression signature on tumour sets from two similar studies on lymph-node negative patients. They had both developed gene expression signatures superior to current methods in classifying node-negative breast tumours. These two signatures were also tested on our material. Results: A list of 51 genes whose expression profiles could predict clinical outcome with high accuracy in our material (96% or 89% accuracy in cross-validation, depending on type of classifier) was developed. When tested on two independent data sets, the expression signature based on the 51 identified genes had good predictive qualities in one of the data sets (74% accuracy), whereas their predictive value on the other data set were poor, presumably due to the fact that only 23 of the 51 genes were found in that material. We also found that previously developed expression signatures could predict clinical outcome well to moderately well in our material (72% and 61%, respectively). Conclusion: The list of 51 genes derived in this study might have potential for clinical utility as a prognostic gene set, and may include candidate genes of potential relevance for clinical outcome in breast cancer. According to the predictions by this expression signature, 30 of the 46 patients may have benefited from different adjuvant treatment than they recieved. Trial registration: The research on these tumours was approved by the Medical Faculty Research Ethics Committee (Medicinska fakultetens forskningsetikkommitte, Goteborg, Sweden (S164-02)).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2008. Vol. 8, 254- p.
Keyword [sv]
Bröstcancer
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Natural sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6879DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-8-254ISI: 000259746600002PubMedID: 18778486Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-53549094961OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-6879DiVA: diva2:573342
Available from: 2012-11-30 Created: 2012-11-30 Last updated: 2014-04-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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