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The open-top chamber impact on vapour pressure deficit and its consequences for stomatal ozone uptake
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
Vet & Agrochem Res Ctr, Sect Agroecochem, BE-3080 Tervuren, Belgium.
Univ Hohenheim 320, Inst Landscape & Plant Ecol, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany.
Univ Gothenburg, Dept Plant & Environm Sci, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
2008 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, Vol. 42, no 26, 6513-6522 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The vapour pressure deficit (VPD) in open-top chambers (OTCs) was analysed in relation to time of day and ambient meteorology. Effects of observed VPD differences (Delta VPD) between OTCs and the ambient air (AA) on stomatal conductance (g(s)) were simulated using 10 model functions from the literature. The dataset originated from 17 OTC crop experiments performed in Belgium, Germany and Sweden. Delta VPD is the resulting difference between the OTC effect on e(s)(T), which is the temperature-dependent saturation pressure of water vapour and the OTC effect on e(a), which is the prevailing partial pressure of water vapour in the air (Delta VPD = Delta e(s)(T) - Delta e(a)). Both Delta e(s)(T) and Delta e(a) were positive during daylight hours. Delta VPD was small in comparison and sensitive to changes in Delta e(s)(T) or Delta e(a). Delta VPD was negative between 07:30 and 10:30 and positive thereafter with a maximum at 20:30 (local time). The positive afternoon Delta VPD was due to an early decrease in Delta e(a), probably caused by ceased transpiration, while the positive Delta e(s)(T) persisted throughout the evening, most likely because of restrained cooling in the OTCs. Both the negative morning Delta VPD and the positive evening Delta VPD were more pronounced during clear, warm and dry weather. Circumstances when VPD had a stronger limiting effect on g(s) inside the OTCs compared to in the ambient air coincided with high ambient ozone concentrations ([O-3]). Calculated wheat O-3 uptake over an [O-3] threshold of 40 nmol mol(-1) was reduced by 8.7% in OTCs, assuming that VPD was the only factor limiting gs and that g(s) was the only resistance for O-3 uptake. VPD is one factor of considerable importance for g(s) and the OTC impact on VPD may contribute to an underestimation of O-3 effects expressed in relation to the external O-3 exposure. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 42, no 26, 6513-6522 p.
Keyword [en]
Open-top chamber, Ozone, Ozone index, Ozone uptake, Risk assessment, Vapour pressure deficit
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6860DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.04.014ISI: 000259931200010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-50849122664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-6860DiVA: diva2:573036
Available from: 2012-11-29 Created: 2012-11-28 Last updated: 2012-11-30

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