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FaR- Fysisk aktivitet på recept: En del i det hälsofrämjande arbetet.  En litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
FaR- Physical activity on prescription : A part of health promotion. A literature interview (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Trots all forskning och kunskap om vikten av fysisk aktivitet ökar livsstilrelaterade sjukdomar. WHO (Världshälsoorganisationen) har klassificerat fysisk inaktivitet som en av fyra ohälsosamma levnadsvanor som vid minimering kan förebygga sjukdom och för tidig död. Fysisk aktivitet på recept (FaR) inkluderar hälsofrämjande hälso- och sjukvård och ökad fysisk aktivitet som är två av Sveriges elva folkhälsomål. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka hur fysisk aktivitet på recept påverkar den fysiska aktivitetsnivån. Metod: En litteraturstudie gjordes och sökning utfördes i LibHub och Academic Search Elite av artiklar publicerade mellan 2005 och 2012. Inklusionskriterier var artiklar som innefattade hälsofrämjande arbete och undersökte fysisk aktivitet på recept, ordinerad till vuxna. Av 60 lästa abstract och 19 lästa artiklar valdes tio ut vilka delades in efter studiedesign.  Inledningen av analysprocessen gjordes oberoende av forskarna därefter sammanställdes materialet och följande tema framkom: Motivation, Implementering, Hälsoekonomiska konsekvenser och Hälsovinster. Resultat: FaR kan leda till ökad fysisk aktivitet och ökad livskvalitet. Framgångsfaktorer var motivation, stöd, samarbete, kunskap samt delaktighet. Resultatet från de olika studiemetoderna visade ingen signifikant skillnad. Resultatet påvisade behov av ytterligare implementering och utveckling av metoden FaR. Slutsats: All typ av beteendeförändring kräver tid och tålamod. För att nå målet ”en mer fysisk aktiv befolkning”, krävs noggrann uppföljning av de som fått FaR utskrivet samt stöd genom motiverande samtal (MI). Utmaningen är att övertyga samhället att FaR är en kostnadseffektiv metod som främjar en god folkhälsa, vilket är en investering för framtiden. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Despite all research and knowledge of the importance of being physically active sickness, related to lifestyle are increasing. WHO (World health organization) have ranged physic inactivity as one of the four unhealthy living habits which can with small effort prevent disease and early death. Physical activity on prescription (PaP) includes health promoted care and increased physical activity which is two of Sweden’s eleven great goals for the public health. Aim: The intention of the literature study was to review how physical activity was given as a prescription and the affects the physical level of activity. Methods: The systematic search was in LibHub and Academic Search Elite of articles published between 2005 and 2012. Inclusioncriteria were articles that included health promotion, physical activity on prescription and were ordained to adults. When 60 abstract and 19 articles were read, ten articles were selected and separated by the study design. The beginnings of the analysis process was done independently by the researchers then compiled the material and the following themes emerged: Motivation, Implantation, Health economic implications and Health benefits .Results: PaP may result to increased physical activity and improved quality of life. Success factors were motivation, collaboration, knowledge and participation. The results from the different study methods showed no significant difference. The results demonstrate a need for the implementation and development of the method PaP.  Conclusions: All sorts of behaviour change demands time and patience and support from the environment. To be able to reach the goal with “a more physical active population “, close monitoring is required thorough follow-up of those who have a prescription for PaP and support through Motivational Interviewing (MI). The challenge is to convince the public that the PaP  is a cost effective method to promote good public health, which is an investment in the future. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
physical activity, exercise on prescription, public health, health- related quality of life, health promotion.
Keyword [sv]
fysisk aktivitet, ordinerad fysisk aktivitet (FaR), folkhälsa, hälsorelaterade vinster, hälsofrämjande arbete
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-6141DiVA: diva2:540786
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-08-16 Created: 2012-07-11 Last updated: 2012-08-16Bibliographically approved

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FaR-Fysisk aktivitet på recept(244 kB)590 downloads
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  • apa
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