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Skolsköterskors åtgärder för att förebygga och behandla skolbarn med stickrädsla vid vaccination
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Att bli vaccinerad kan för skolbarnet vara en jobbig upplevelse. Om barnet dessutom ärstickrädd blir situationen ännu jobbigare. Skolsköterskan ger en del av vaccinationerna somingår i det nationella vaccinationsprogrammet som Socialstyrelsen (2004) tagit fram. I den härstudien belyses de åtgärder som skolsköterskan gör för att underlätta vaccinationssituationenså långt det är möjligt. Genom att genomföra intervjuer med sex skolsköterskor och därav fåfram ett datamaterial som sedan analyserades enligt kvalitativ innehållsanalys, kunde dettaämne belysas. Resultatet som framkom var att skolsköterskorna gav skolbarnen stöd ochtrygghet genom motivationsarbete. Information var en stor del av skolsköterskornas åtgärder.Enskilda samtal och att ge extra mycket tid till barn med särskild stickrädsla var också enåtgärd. Genom omvårdnad som kunde ges genom lekande och lärande kunde skolsköterskange den trygghet som krävdes för vaccinationstillfället. För att stickrädsla hos skolbarn skakunna förebyggas måste skolsköterskan få den tid som krävs för dessa förebyggande åtgärder.Detta förebyggande arbete kan förhindra att skolbarnen blir stickrädda om de behöversjukvård senare som barn eller vuxen.

Abstract [en]

Having a vaccination can, for the child, be a difficult experience. In case of the child having afear of needles the experience becomes even more difficult. The school nurse gives some ofthe vaccinations included in the national program of vaccinations as the National board ofhealth and welfare (2004) have established. In this study, the measures made by school nursesto facilitate the vaccination situation as far as possible, are illuminated. To implementinterviews with six school nurses and thereby receiving interview material, later analysedaccording to qualitative content analysis, could this subject be illuminated. The resultreceived, was school nurses giving schoolchildren support and security through motivationalwork. Information was a significant part of the measures made by the school nurses.Individual conversations and the providing of extra time for children with a particular needlephobia was a measure aswell. Through care that could be given through playing and learning,school nurses could provide safety which was crucial at the time of the vaccination. Toprevent fear of needles, a school nurse has to be given the time required for these preventingmeasures. This preventing work will reduce the risk that the schoolchildren will have a fear ofneedles if care is needed later on as children or as adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Fear of needles Vaccination School Nurse Safety Care
Keyword [sv]
Stickrädsla Vaccination Skolsköterska Trygghet Omvårdnad
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-6122DiVA: diva2:539703
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Study Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-08-16 Created: 2012-07-04 Last updated: 2012-08-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 260 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf