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Förebyggande effekter av fysisk aktivitet på depression: – en litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Preventive effects of physical activity on depression : - a literature review (English)
Abstract [en]

Objective: To study the evidence on physical activity (PA) as an effective preventive strategy for depression.

Methods: A search of electronic databases was performed for articles between 2007 and 2012, both original research and review articles, concerning the link between PA and depression on children, youth and adults. Three reviews, five longitudinal and two cross sectional studies were included.

Results:  PA reduced the likelihood of depression in many studies and a sedentary or inactive lifestyle increased the risks for mental health symptoms such as depression. One study showed that low PA in childhood increased the odds of depression as an adult and other studies on teenagers saw a connection and mediation between PA and self-esteem whereas physical fitness showed no mediating effect. Many of the studies and reviews point out the insecurity regarding the dose-response association and the difficulties in defining causality.

Conclusion: PA might have a preventive effect on depression. Some evidence exist to support that PA in childhood prevents depression in adults. The complex mechanism and causality need further attention and quality research is needed to determine the nature of the relationship and to verify the effectiveness of preventive programs.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att se huruvida belägg finns för fysisk aktivitet som effektiv förebyggande strategi mot depression.

Metod: Sökning i elektroniska databaser gjordes efter både studier och litteraturgranskningar publicerade mellan 2007 och 2012 med avseende på kopplingen mellan fysisk aktivitet och depression hos barn, ungdomar och vuxna. Tre litteraturgranskningar, fem longitudinella och två tvärsnittsstudier inkluderades.

Resultat: Fysisk aktivitet reducerade sannolikheten för att utveckla depression i många av de populationer som studerades och stillasittande eller inaktivt liv ökade risken för mental ohälsa såsom depression. En studie visade att låg fysisk aktivitet i barndomen ökade oddsen för depression som vuxen och andra studier såg en koppling och medlande funktion hos fysisk aktivitet och självkänsla hos tonåringar emedan fysisk kondition inte såg ha någon medlande effekt. Emellertid pekar många av författarna på en osäkerhet gällande dos-responssamband samt svårigheter i att bestämma kausalitet.

Slutsatser: Fysisk aktivitet kan ha preventiv effekt mot depression. Viss evidens finns för att den i barndomen kan verka förebyggande mot depression i vuxen ålder. De komplexa sambanden och kausaliteten bör utforskas vidare och studier av hög kvalitet behövs för att bestämma orsaker och samband samt preventiva insatsers effektivitet. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
depression prevention, physical activity
Keyword [sv]
depression, prevention, fysisk aktivitet
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5913OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-5913DiVA: diva2:537717
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Presentation
2012-05-31, Högskolan i Skövde, G111, Skövde, 14:53 (Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-08-16 Created: 2012-06-01 Last updated: 2012-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Rundqvist Nedevska, Anne Mari
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