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Sjuksköterskors tillvägagångssätt vid smärtbedömning av äldre patienter
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses` approach to pain assessment in elderly patients (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Smärta är ett flerdimensionellt fenomen och ett vanligt problem inom äldrevården. Smärtbehandling finns att tillgå, trots detta är smärta underbehandlat hos äldre patienter.

Syftet: Syftet med studien är att belysa hur sjuksköterskor bedömer fysisk smärta i omvårdnad av äldre patienter.

Metod: Litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ ansats har använts. Datamaterialet bestod av fem kvantitativa och fyra kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar.

Resultat: Det framkom tre huvudkategorier: smärtbedömningsprocesser, smärtbedömningsmetoder och smärtbedömningsredskap. Ur huvudkategorierna urskildes sex underkategorier: smärtidentifiering, smärtbedömningssvårigheter, kommunikation med patienterna för att bedöma smärta, smärtobservation, smärtbedömningsinstrument och dokumentation.

Slutsatser: För att göra en smärtbedömning behövs en god relation till patienten, närstående och övrig personal där kommunikation har central roll. Sjuksköterskan måste tro på patientens egen skattning och smärtupplevelse.

Abstract [en]

Background: Pain is a multidimensional phenomena and a common problem in care of elderly patients. There are several pain treatment methods available however pain is often not fully treated.

Aim: The aim of this study is to illustrate how nurses assess physical pain in care of elderly patients.

Method:  A literature review based on a qualitative approach has been used. The study consists of an analysis of five quantitative and four qualitative research articles. 

Results: Three main categories were found: the process of pain assessment, the methods of pain assessment and the tools of pain assessment. Those categories were further divided into six subcategories: pain identification, pain assessment difficulties, patient communication to assess pain, pain observations, pain assessment instruments and documentation.

Conclusions: Pain assessment requires a good relation to the patient as well as relatives and other staff. Communication takes a central part of the pain assessment. A nurse must believe in the patient's own estimation and pain perception.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Communication, older patients, pain, pain assessment, pain assessment tools, pain observation.
Keyword [sv]
Kommunikation, observation, smärta, smärtbedömning, smärtbedömningsinstrument, äldre patienter
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5840OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-5840DiVA: diva2:524811
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Presentation
2012-05-03, 21:41 (Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-12-04 Created: 2012-05-03 Last updated: 2012-12-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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