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Sjuksköterskans möjligheter att hjälpa kvinnor med bröstcancer att hantera fatigue: En Litteraturbaserad studie
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The possibility for nurses to help women with breast cancer manage fatigue : A literature based study (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fatigue är en biverkan hos kvinnor med bröstcancer som genomgår adjuvantbehandling. Sjuksköterskan kan genom sina omvårdnadsåtgärder hjälpa dessa kvinnor atthantera och minska biverkningar av fatigue. Begreppet empowerment och Orems teori omhjälp till självhjälp kan ses som en grund för sjuksköterskan i detta omvårdnadsarbete.Syfte: Att beskriva hur kvinnor med bröstcancer, under adjuvant behandling, kan hantera ochminska symptomet fatigue med hjälp av sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsinsatser, grundat i begreppet empowerment och hjälp till självhjälp.Metod: Litteraturbaserad studie med grund i tolv kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar.Resultat: Förekomsten av fatigue finns kvar men olika metoder kan ge minskade nivåer.Motion och rörelse kan lindra graden av fatigue. Muskelavslappningsövningar gav minskadenivåer och minskad upplevelse av fatigue. En balanserad sömn och minskad stress gavpositiva effekter på upplevd fatigue.Slutsats: Det finns olika omvårdnadsinsatser sjuksköterskan kan genomföra, dels själv menockså tillsammans med andra professioner. Tillsammans med patienten kan sjuksköterskankartlägga graden av fatigue och skräddarsy en individuell omvårdnadsplan. Motionsprogramoch gruppinterventioner med empowerment som grund kan stärka och hjälpa dessa kvinnorhantera fatigue.

Abstract [en]

Background: Fatigue is a side effect for women with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy. The nurse can through nursing interventions help these women to manage and reduce side effects of fatigue. The concept of empowerment and the Orem theory of self-help can beviewed as a basis for the nurse in nursing. Purpose: To describe how women with breast cancer during adjuvant treatment, manage and reduce symptom of fatigue with the help of nursing care interventions, founded in the concept of empowerment and self-help. Method: Literature-based study based on twelve qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: The incidence of fatigue remains, but different methods can reduce levels. Exercise and movement can alleviate the degree of fatigue. Musclerelaxation exercises resulted in decreased levels and decreased perception of fatigue. A balanced sleep and reduced stress resulted in positive effects on perceived fatigue. Conclusion: There are several of nursing interventions that are possible to implement both for nurses alone and also with other professions. Together can nurses and their patients determine the degree of fatigue and tailor an individual care plan. Exercise program and group interventions with empowerment as a basis can be used to strengthen and help these women manage fatigue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Fatigue, empowerment, nursing, therapy
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5407OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-5407DiVA: diva2:482706
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-03-28 Created: 2012-01-24 Last updated: 2012-03-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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