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Skolsköterskors erfarenheter av skolsituationen för elever med Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)diagnos
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The school nurses´ experiences of the school situation for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) diagnosis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Attetion Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, är den vanligaste barnpsykiatriska diagnosen.Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva hur skolsköterskan erfar skolsituationen för elevermed ADHD-diagnos. Fyra till sex procent av alla elever i skolan har denna diagnos (ADHD).Skolsköterskan har i sin dagliga kontakt med elever möjlighet att tidigt upptäcka och även tillviss del förhindra utvecklandet av komplikationer. Orsaken till ADHD består främst avgenetiska anlag men sociala faktorer finns och de påverkar hur svår utvecklingen blir.Metoden var en kvalitativ innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats beskriven av Lundman ochHällgren Graneheim. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom intervjuer med sex skolsköterskor. Urdatamaterialet framträdde temat Att förväntas vara som andra, men inte kunna med treunderteman. Resultaten kan användas till att öka förståelsen för elever med ADHD och derasskolsituation. Förhoppningsvis kan insikten om problemets svårighetsgrad öka motivationenatt förbättra situationen i skolan för alla elever och vuxna. Det finns många saker sompåverkar situationen för elever med ADHD, med rätt resurser och förutsättningar gesmöjlighet att påverka elevens utveckling i positiv riktning.

Abstract [en]

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, is today the most common psychiatricdiagnosis among children. The purpose of this study was to describe school nurses̛experiences of the school situation of pupils with ADHD. Four to six percent of all schoolpupils have been diagnosed with this illness. Due to her daily contact with school children,the school nurse has the opportunity to assist in early detection of ADHD, and can to someextent even prevent the development of possible complications. Genetic predisposition is theprimary cause of ADHD but social factors affect the severity of its development. The methodin this study was qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach described byLundman och Hällgren Graneheim. The data collection was made through interviews with sixschool nurses. Based on the analysis, the theme; Expected to be like the others, but also notbeing able, emerged with three subthemes. The results can be used to increase theunderstanding of pupils with ADHD in their school situation. Hopefully, awareness of theproblem severity increases motivation to improve the situation in schools for all studentsand adults. There are many things that affect the situation for children with ADHD. With theright resources and conditions the opportunity to influence students' development in apositive direction occurs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, learning difficulties, neuropsychiatric disabilities, salutogenesis, schoolhealthcare, schoolnurse.
Keyword [sv]
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, inlärningssvårigheter, neuropsykiatriskt funktionshinder, salutogenes, skolhälsovård, skolsköterska.
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5220OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-5220DiVA: diva2:430311
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Study Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-08-16 Created: 2011-07-08 Last updated: 2012-04-20Bibliographically approved

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