his.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
”Jag hann ju inte säga någonting!” En observationsstudie av barns möjlighet till inflytande i förskolans samling.
University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
”I didn’t get the chance to say anything!” An observation study of children’s opportunity to influence in preschool circle time. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Förskolans läroplan (Lpfö 98) säger att barnet i förskolan ska få en grundläggande förståelse för demokratins innebörd. Den pedagogiska verksamhetens utformning ska möjliggöra att barnet kan ge uttryck för sina intressen och påverka sin situation. Den här studiens syfte är att undersöka hur barnets delaktighet framträder i förskolans verksamhet. Som avgränsat undersökningsområde har förskolans pedagogiska samling valts. Studien har genomförts med en kvalitativ metod. För insamlandet av det empiriska materialet gjordes observationer under samlingstillfällena på en förskoleavdelning med barn i åldrarna fyra till sex år. Det insamlade materialet analyserades med utgångspunkt i ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Under analysen framkom att barnen uttryckte sina intressen genom verbalt språk, kroppsspråk och handlingar. Barnen gavs möjligheter till delaktighet och inflytande genom att förskollärarna tog hänsyn till deras intressen, värnade om deras aktiva deltagande och gav dem valmöjligheter. Det som barnen genom inflytandet påverkade var samlingens innehåll, dess tidslängd och hur engagemanget i barngruppen blev. Diskussionen behandlar studiens resultat och tidigare forskning. Den belyser vilka konsekvenser barnens uttrycksätt kan få för alla barn under samlingen. Även barnens inflytande på varandra och pedagogens betydelse diskuteras. Studiens slutsats är att barnen i viss mån har inflytande i förskolans samling. Graden av inflytande varierar beroende på barnets förmåga att uttrycka sina intressen och pedagogens uppmärksammande och tillvaratagande av det barnen ger uttryck för.

Abstract [en]

The Swedish preschool curriculum (Lpfö 98) says that the child in preschool should have a basic understanding of democracy. The educational activity should allow the child to express its own interests and to have a direct influence on the daily activities in preschool. This study aims to examine how children’s participation appears in preschool. Among the daily activities in preschool is circle time. This activity has been chosen as defined study area. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach. For the collection of the empiric material observations were made during the circle time and with children aged four to six years. The collected material was analyzed on the basis of a sociocultural perspective. The analysis revealed that the children expressed their interests through verbal language, body language and actions. The children were given the possibility to participate and to use their influence because the preschool teachers took into account their interests, guarded their active participation and gave them choices. The children influenced the contents and the duration of the circle time as well as the atmosphere in the group. The discussion deals with the study results and previous research and highlights the ways of expression of the children. The children's influence on each other and the importance of the teacher is also discussed. The study concludes that, to some extent, preschool children have an influence on the circle time activity. The degree of influence varies depending on the child's ability to express its interests and the teacher attention and procurement of the children’s influence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Participation, influence, democracy, preschool, circle time.
Keyword [sv]
Delaktighet, inflytande, demokrati, förskola, pedagogisk samling.
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5169OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-5169DiVA: diva2:428667
Subject / course
Pedagogy
Educational program
Teacher Training Programme
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-07-02 Created: 2011-06-30 Last updated: 2011-07-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(230 kB)467 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 230 kBChecksum SHA-512
b812c33aab4ae1f186d7d996b4a70f5b71debd5ef1ec157cffbc75f491dbc7203245d1ff50f2c030296626214e6b8d6d16047efad2dbd149703073cce5e3fe7d
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
School of Humanities and Informatics
Pedagogical Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 467 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 724 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf