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Human Embryonic Mesodermal Progenitors Highly Resemble Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Display High Potential for Tissue Engineering Applications
Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
BIOMATCELL VINN Excellence Center of Biomaterials and Cell Therapy, Göteborg.
University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
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2010 (English)In: Tissue Engineering. Part A, ISSN 1937-3341, Vol. 16, no 7, 2161-2182 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adult stem cells, such as human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), show limited proliferative capacity and, after long-term culture, lose their differentiation capacity and are therefore not an optimal cell source for tissue engineering. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) constitute an important new resource in this field, but one major drawback is the risk of tumor formation in the recipients. One alternative is to use progenitor cells derived from hESCs which are more lineage restricted but do not form teratomas. We have recently derived a cell line from hESCs denoted human embryonic stem cell-derived mesodermal progenitors (hESMPs) and here, using genome wide microarray analysis, report that the process of hES-MPs derivation results in a significantly altered expression of hESCs characteristic genes to an expression level highly similar to that of hMSCs. However, hES-MPs displayed a significantly higher proliferative capacity and longer telomeres. Interestingly, the hES-MPs also demonstrated a lower expression of HLA class II proteins before and after interferon-γ treatment, indicating that these cells may somewhat be immunoprivileged and potentially used for HLA-incompatible transplantation. The hES-MPs are thus an appealing alternative to hMSCs in tissue engineering applications and stem cell-based therapies for mesodermal tissues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mary Ann Liebert, 2010. Vol. 16, no 7, 2161-2182 p.
Keyword [en]
Human embryonic stem cells, human mesodermal progenitor cells, human mesenchymal stem cells, gene expression profiling, tissue engineering
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Natural sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-4310DOI: 10.1089/ten.TEA.2009.0629ISI: 000279455500007PubMedID: 20136402Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77954510822OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-4310DiVA: diva2:345232
Available from: 2010-08-24 Created: 2010-08-24 Last updated: 2014-05-26Bibliographically approved

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Synnergren, Jane
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