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Applicability of general grief theory to Swedish women's experience after early miscarriage, with factor analysis of Bonanno's taxonomy, using the Perinatal Grief Scale
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2010 (English)In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, Vol. 115, no 3, 201-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Grief is a normal phenomenon but showing great variation depending on cultural and personal features. Bonanno and Kaltman have nonetheless proposed five aspects of normal grief. The aim of this study was to investigate if women with miscarriage experience normal grief. Material and methods. Content analyses of 25 transcribed conversations with women 4 weeks after their early miscarriages were classified depending on the meaning-bearing units according to Bonanno and Kaltman’s categories. In the factor analyses, these categories were compared with the Perinatal Grief Scale and women's age, number of children and number of miscarriages, and gestational weeks. Results. Women with miscarriage fulfill the criteria for having normal grief according to Bonanno and Kaltman. All of the 25 women had meaning-bearing units that were classified as cognitive disorganization, dysphoria, and health deficits, whereas disrupted social and occupational functioning and positive aspects of bereavement were represented in 22 of 25 women. From the factor analysis, there are no differences in the expression of the intensity of the grief, irrespective of whether or not the women were primiparous, younger, or had suffered a first miscarriage. Conclusion. Women’s experience of grief after miscarriage is similar to general grief after death. After her loss, the woman must have the possibility of expressing and working through her grief before she can finish her pregnancy emotionally. The care-giver must facilitate this process and accept that the intensity of the grief is not dependent on the woman’s age, or her number of earlier miscarriages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa UK Ltd. , 2010. Vol. 115, no 3, 201-209 p.
Keyword [en]
Content analysis, factor analysis, general grief theory, miscarriage, perinatal grief scale, women
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medical sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-4234DOI: 10.3109/03009731003739851ISI: 000281013000008PubMedID: 20636255Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77954841916OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-4234DiVA: diva2:328140
Available from: 2010-07-01 Created: 2010-07-01 Last updated: 2012-11-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf