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Patient participation in nursing care: towards a concept clarification from a nurse perspective
Institute of Nursing, Health and Care Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
Doctoral student at Institute of Nursing, Health and Care Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden and Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, Vänersborg, Sweden.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
Senior investigator (ret.), Department of Health and Welfare, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2007 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 16, no 4, 630-637 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the meanings of the concept of patient participation in nursing care from a nurse perspective.

Background. Participation is essential and increases patients’ motivation and satisfaction with received care. Studies of patient participation in nursing care are not congruent regarding definition, elements and processes. This lack of clarity is amplified by several terms used; patient/client/consumer involvement or collaboration, partnership and influence. Despite the fact that several nursing theories have emphasized the importance of patient participation, an empirically grounded theory has yet to be published.

Methods. Seven focus group interviews were held with nurses providing inpatient physical care at five hospitals in West Sweden. The focus groups consisted of Registered Swedish nurses (n = 31) who described the meaning and implementation of patient participation in nursing care. A Grounded Theory approach has been applied to tape-recorded data. Constant comparative analysis was used and saturation was achieved.

Results. Mutuality in negotiation emerged as the core category for explaining nurses’ perspectives on patient participation in nursing care. It is characterized by four interrelated sub-core categories: interpersonal procedure, therapeutic approach, focus on resources and opportunities for influence. Mutuality in negotiation constitutes the dynamic nurse–patient interaction process.

Conclusions. The study clarifies that patient participation can be explained as an interactional process identified as mutuality in negotiation based on four components.

Relevance to clinical practice. The results are important and can be used in nursing practice and education. Application in a clinical context means nursing care organized to include all the components presented. The results can also be used in quality assurance to improve and evaluate patient participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2007. Vol. 16, no 4, 630-637 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medical sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-2180DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01660.xISI: 000245312200004PubMedID: 17402943Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34047181546OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-2180DiVA: diva2:32456
Available from: 2008-06-12 Created: 2008-06-12 Last updated: 2013-04-12Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textPubMedScopushttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01660.x/abstract

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