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Sjuksköterskans pedagogiska och preventiva funktion i diabetesvården för att förhindra fotsår
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The pedagogical and preventative function of Primary CareNurses in the care of diabetics in order to prevent footulcer (English)
Abstract [en]

I denna systematiska litteraturstudie analyseras och beskrivs sjuksköterskans förebyggande(prevention), undervisande och rådgivande funktion i att stödja (promotion) patienter medsjukdomen diabetes typ 2 och i att förhindra (protection) att komplikationer uppstår. I Sverigefinns cirka 365 000 personer som har en diagnostiserad diabetes typ 2 och ungefär lika mångaberäknas ha sjukdomen oupptäckt och odiagnostiserad. Förekomsten av diabetes ökarlavinartat i hela världen just nu. Ökningen kommer att få stora hälsoekonomiska konsekvenserför olika länders sjukvård och samhällen. Då diabetes är en kronisk livslång sjukdom krävsdet i framtiden ökade kunskaper för att möta den utmaning som den pågående utbredningenav sjukdomen utgör.Syftet med denna studie var att söka kunskap utifrån aktuell forskning mellan åren 2005-2009om sjuksköterskans undervisande och rådgivande funktion angående egenvård i samband meddiabetes typ 2, hur uppkomst av fotsår förhindras samt undervisningens effekter.Datamaterialet (10 inkluderade studier) analyserades och sammanställdes.Studiens resultat visade att undervisning i egenvård inte är patient eller individbaserad, attfotkomplikationer inte förebyggs tillräckligt, att det föreligger starkt samband mellanutbildning och livskvalitet samt att sjuksköterskan behöver öka sin pedagogiska kompetens.

Abstract [en]

In this systematic literature review study the pedagogical, preventive, instructive and advisoryrole of the nurse is analyzed and described, as regards to the promotion of patients diagnosedwith Diabetes type 2 as well as their protection from further complications. In Sweden thereare about 365 000 diagnosed cases of Diabetes type 2 and approximately the same number ofpeople are estimated to suffer from the condition without being identified or diagnosed. Theprevalence of Diabetes around the world is rapidly increasing. This increase will have anotable impact on the economics of healthcare and on the societies of various countries. SinceDiabetes is a chronic lifelong condition, further knowledge will in future be needed in order toface up to the challenge that the present spread of the condition entails.The purpose of this study was to gather information based on current research published from2005 to 2009, related to the teaching and advisory role of the nurse in terms of self care inconnection with Diabetes type 2, how to prevent the origin of foot ulcer as well as the efficacyof patient instruction.The research data (including 10 research studies) was compiled andanalysed.The results of the study showed that self care instruction is generally not based uponindividual or patient preconditions, that foot complications are not subject to sufficientprevention, that a strong correlation exists between quality of education and patient quality oflife, and that nurses need to improve upon their pedagogical skills.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Diabetes Type 2; Education; Ulcer; Prevention; Information; Care; Nurse; Promotion; Pedagogic
Keyword [sv]
Diabetes typ 2; Pedagogik; Sår; Omvårdnad; Information; Utbildning, Sjuksköterska; Förebygga; Stödja
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-3659OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-3659DiVA: diva2:292444
Presentation
2010-01-12, Högskolan i Skövde, Skövde, 00:00 (Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-02-18 Created: 2010-02-07 Last updated: 2010-02-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf