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A Neurocomputational Model of Anticipation and Sustained Inattentional Blindness in Hierarchies
University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6883-2450
2009 (English)In: Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning systems, ABiALS 2008 / [ed] Giovanni Pezzulo, Martin V. Butz, Olivier Sigaud, Gianluca Baldassarre, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2009, 152-169 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Anticipation and prediction have been identified as key functions of many brain areas facilitating recognition, perception, and planning. In this chapter we present a hierarchical neurocomputational model in which feedback, effectively predicting or anticipating task-relevant features, leads to sustained inattentional blindness. A psychological experiment on sustained inattentional blindness in human subjects is simulated to provide visual input to a hierarchy of Echo State Networks. Other parts of the model receive input relevant to tracking the attended object and also detecting the unexpected object, feedback from which is then used to simulate engagement in the task and compared to results obtained without feedback, simulating passive observation. We find a significant effect of anticipation enhancing performance at the task and simultaneously degrading detection of unexpected features, thereby modelling the sustained inattentional blindness effect. We therefore suggest that anticipatory /predictive mechanisms are responsible for sustained inattentional blindness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2009. 152-169 p.
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), ISSN 0302-9743 ; 5499 LNAI
Keyword [en]
Enaction, Anticipation, Prediction, Neurocomputation, Reservoir Systems, Association, Sustained Inattentional Blindness, Neural Modelling, Cortical Hierarchies
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-3539DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-02565-5_9ISI: 000269259700009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70349322598ISBN: 978-3-642-02564-8 ISBN: 978-3-642-02565-5 ISBN: 3-642-02564-1 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-3539DiVA: diva2:284559
Conference
4th Workshop on Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems, Munich, Germany, June 26-27, 2008
Available from: 2010-01-07 Created: 2010-01-07 Last updated: 2015-01-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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