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Kvinnors upplevelser i samband med hjärtinfarkt
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women’s experiences of myocardial infarction (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hjärtinfarkt har tidigare ansetts vara en sjukdom som främst drabbar män. Forskning har på senare år indikerat att även kvinnor i stor utsträckning drabbas av akut hjärtinfarkt med symtom som ofta skiljer sig från de ”klassiska” symtom som många män uppvisar. Detta har fört med sig att kvinnor fått en felaktig diagnos eller inte tagits på allvar när de sökt sjukvård. Detta för även med sig att många kvinnor negligerar sina symtom. Syfte: Att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser i samband med hjärtinfarkt. Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats gjordes. Vetenskapliga artiklar söktes och fyra teman identifierades. Resultat: De identifierade teman bidrog till att skapa en bild över kvinnors behov av stöd och information. Det framkom även att kvinnor har svårigheter att hantera psykologiska problem samt att de upplever ett själsligt och kroppsligt lidande. Vissa drabbade kvinnor tenderade att dölja eller minimera sina symtom. Brist på adekvat information var framträdande och kunde bero på felaktiga föreställningar om att endast män drabbas av akut hjärtinfarkt.

Sammanfattning: Resultatet visar att drabbade kvinnor har ett stort behov av stöd och information för att kunna bemästra sin livssituation.

Abstract [en]

Background: Myocardial infarction has earlier been regarded as a disease that has struck mainly men. Research has in the recent years indicated that also women suffer from myocardial infarction, although they often show different symptoms compared to men. This

has caused incorrect diagnosis and treatment of women who suffer from myocardial infarction. Aim: The aim was to describe women’s experiences in relation to their myocardial infarction.

Method: A literature review was carried out with the intention to describe women’s experiences of myocardial infarction. Scientific articles were sought and four main themes and seven subthemes were identified. Result: The identified themes helped create an image of the women’s needs of support and information following myocardial infarction. It also emerged that the women experienced difficulties managing psychological issues and also that these women experience a suffering. Some affected women tended to hide or minimize their

symptoms. The lack of adequate information was prominent and was mainly caused by false conceptions that only men suffer from myocardial infarction. Conclusion: The result indicates that the affected women are in great need of support and information in order to cope with their lived situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Skövde: Institutionen för vård och natur , 2008. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
Myocardial infarction, women, experiences, suffering, coping
Keyword [sv]
Hjärtinfarkt, kvinnor, upplevelse, lidande, coping
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-1320OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-1320DiVA: diva2:2462
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-06-23 Created: 2008-06-23 Last updated: 2009-05-08

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Citation style
  • apa
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