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Investigation of the implications of nitric oxide on biofilm development
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2008 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Biofilms are communities of sessile microorganisms attached to a surface and imbeddedin a matrix of extracellular polysaccharide substances. These communities can be foundin diverse aquatic environments, such as in industrial pipes and in humans. By formingmicrocolony structures, which are highly resistant to adverse physical conditions as wellas antimicrobial agents, biofilms are very problematic when associated with e.g.persistent infections. In order to find new ways of controlling biofilm growth, theprocesses involved in biofilm development must be investigated further. The maininterest of this study is the occurrence of void formation inside biofilms. Thisphenomenon has been observed in several studies and has been correlated to cell deathinside the microcolonies. The occurrence of cell death has recently been associated withthe presence of nitric oxide in the biofilm. In this study, the implications of nitric oxideaccumulation on biofilm development were investigated using an individual-basedmodel. Specifically, the role of nitric oxide in void formation was considered. A largenumber of simulations were run using different parameter settings in order to determine ifnitric oxide could account for the occurrence of void formation observed experimentally.The general predictions made by the model system showed agreement to someexperimental data, but not to others. Sloughing, the detachment of chunks of cells fromthe biofilm, was observed in the majority of simulations. In some cases, the model alsopredicted the presence of live cells inside the voids, which has been observedexperimentally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
biofilm, biofilms, bacterium, bacteria, nitric oxide, cellular automata, individual-based modeling
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-3195OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-3195DiVA: diva2:225245
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Life Earth Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-08-12 Created: 2009-06-25 Last updated: 2010-02-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Thesis project(305 kB)407 downloads
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Ulfenborg, Benjamin
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf