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Vårdhygienens betydelse uppmärksammas med rutiner och kunskap: En observationsstudie i Tanzania
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The importance of hygiene within healthcare emphasizes through routines and knowledge : An observational study in Tanzania (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hygien spelar en viktig roll inom hälso- och sjukvården och i arbetet att förebygga smittspridning. Nightingale är en föregångare som talade om effekterna av korrekt handhygien och ren vårdmiljö. I svensk sjuksköterskeutbildning har hygien en central del, som det diskuteras mycket kring. Hälsoorganisationer över hela världen har utarbetat olika riktlinjer kring hygienens betydelse i vården, ändå visar tidigare forskning på brister i följsamhet. Syftet med studien var att belysa sjukhusmiljön med avseende på vårdhygien vid ett sjukhus i Tanzania. En kvalitativ metod med deltagande observationer valdes. Datainsamlingen pågick under fyra veckor, där studenter från en sjuksköterskeskola observerades. Studien diskuterar möjligheter och hinder för vårdhygien, där resultatet presenteras i sju olika teman. Resultatet visar att kunskapen om vårdhygien var stor bland studenterna i Tanzania, men resurser var ett stort problem. Även om kunskap och rutiner fanns, efterföljdes dessa på varierande sätt, i den kultur och tradition som finns i Tanzania.

Abstract [en]

Hygiene has a very important role within healthcare and the prevention of spreading diseases. Nightingale was among the first who talked about the effect of proper hand hygiene and a clean environment. Hygiene has a central part within the education at nursing schools in Sweden and is well discussed. Healthcare organizations all over the world have developed different guidelines about the importance of hygiene within healthcare, but research still indicates poor compliance. The aim of this study was to illustrate hygiene within healthcare at a hospital in Tanzania. A qualitative method with an observational study was chosen. The data collection was made during four weeks, observing students from a nursing school in Tanzania. This study discusses the potentials and the disadvantages of hygiene within healthcare. The result is presented in seven different themes and indicates good knowledge about hygiene among the Tanzanian students, but poor resources and lack of supplies caused a big problem. It appeared that the healthcare and how the hygiene was managed within the culture and tradition, which existed in Tanzania, have differences even though knowledge and routines exists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Skövde: Institutionen för vård och natur , 2008. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Hygiene, Nursing Students, Nursing, Prevention
Keyword [sv]
Hygien, Omvårdnad, Prevention, Sjuksköterskestudenter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-1089OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-1089DiVA: diva2:2207
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-06-10 Created: 2008-06-10 Last updated: 2010-02-09

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf