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Främja skolnärvaro utifrån känslan av sammanhang: En litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Promoting school attendance based on The Sense of Coherence : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Forskningen indikerar bristen på exakta statistiska uppgifter angående antalet elever som lider av problematisk skolfrånvaro. Skolans uppdrag är att främja hälsa och förebygga problematisk frånvaro. Vid frånvaro löper eleverna risken att inte uppnå de kunskapsmål som fastställts i läroplanen, vilket kan leda till negativa konsekvenser.

Syfte: Litteraturstudien syftar till att undersöka hur skolnärvaro i Sverige kan främjas hos elever i grundskolan med skolnärvaroproblematik, utifrån betydelsen av känslan av sammanhang i elevens skolgång.

Metod: En strukturerad litteraturstudie genomfördes baserat på tolv vetenskapliga artiklar hämtade från databaserna Pubmed, SAGE journals och Web of Science. Artiklarna analyserades med hjälp av tematisk analys.

Resultat: Studiens resultat presenterade fyra teman som var elevperspektiv, lärarperspektiv, skolsköterskeperspektiv och föräldrarperspektiv. Det framgick att engagemang, goda relationer, en trygg miljö samt samarbete mellan lärare, skolsköterskor och föräldrar kan bidra till att eleverna upplever skolan som mer begriplig, hanterbar och meningsfull.

Slutsats: Skolfrånvaro utgör ett komplext problem. Det är därför av stor betydelse att skapa en känsla av sammanhang för eleverna, vilket kan främja deras närvaro i skolan.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Research has shown that there is a lack of precise statistics regarding the number of students with problematic school absence. Schools have a mission to promote students’ health and prevent problematic school absence. With students’ absence, there is a risk of them not achieving the goals that are in the curriculum, which might have negative consequences.

Aim: The aim of this literature study is to examine how the school attendance of Swedish lower year students, with problematic school absenteeism, can be encouraged through the sense of coherence in a student’s schooling.

Methods: A structured literature study was conducted based on twelve scientific articles collected from the databases Pubmed, SAGE Journals and Web of Science. The articles were thematically analysed.

Results: The results of this study were divided into four themes: student, teacher, school nurse, and parent perspectives. Commitment, healthy relationships, a safe environment and cooperation between teachers, school nurses and parents appeared to contribute to a student’s experience with school being more understandable, manageable and meaningful.

Conclusion: School absence is a complex problem. It is of high importance to create a feeling of belonging for the students, which in turn can encourage the student’s attendance in school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
School absenteeism, School adaptation, School attendance, Sense of Coherence
Keywords [sv]
Skolfrånvaro, skolanpassning, skolnärvaro, känslan av sammanhang
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-22707OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-22707DiVA, id: diva2:1768436
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-06-15 Created: 2023-06-15 Last updated: 2023-06-15Bibliographically approved

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