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Patienters upplevelser av egenvård vid hjärtsvikt: En litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients’ experiences of self-care in heart failure : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hjärtsvikt är en folkhälsosjukdom som ökar i världen. Hjärtsvikt innebär att hjärtats pumpförmåga inte kan tillgodose kroppens organ och vävnader med blod. Sjukdomen medför en hög dödlighet som kan minskas med egenvårdsbehandling. Det handlar om åtgärder för att bibehålla livskvalitet trots sjukdomen.

Syfte: Att belysa patienters upplevelser av egenvård vid hjärtsvikt.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt genomfördes baserad på 13 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar som analyserades enligt Fribergs analysmodell.

Resultat: Det identifierades två teman och fem subteman. Temana är livsstilsförändring och symtom. Under temat livsstilsförändring framkom följande tre subteman: Kost och vätskeintag, utmaning med medicinhantering och erfarenhet av fysisk aktivitet och under temat symtom framkom följande två subteman: Att känna igen symtom vid försämring och att förbättra livskvalitet.

Konklusion: Litteraturöversikten visar att personer med hjärtsvikt är i behov av kunskap och stöd för att kunna hantera sin egenvård på ett rätt sätt. Upplevelser av oro, ångest, ensamhet, frustration och rädsla nämndes och alla dessa var kopplade till brist på kunskap av sjukdomen och egenvården.

Abstract [en]

Background: Heart failure is a public health disease that is increasing worldwide. Heart failure means that the pumping ability of the heart cannot supply blood to the body's organs and tissues. The disease carries a high mortality rate that can be reduced by self-care treatment. This involves measures to maintain physical stability despite the disease.

Aim: To describe patients’ experiences of self-care in heart failure.

Method: A literature review was conducted based on 13 qualitative scientific articles that were analyzed according to Friberg's analysis model.

Findings: Two themes and five subthemes were identified. The themes are lifestyle change and symptoms. Under the theme of lifestyle change, the following three subthemes emerged: Diet and fluid intake, challenges with medication management and experience of physical activity, and under the theme of symptoms, the following two subthemes emerged: Recognizing symptoms in case of deterioration and improving quality of life.

Conclusion: People with heart failure need information and support to manage their selfcare appropriately. Experiences of worry, anxiety, loneliness frustration and fear were mentioned and all of these were linked to lack of information. The study shows how information, knowledge and support can help people to continue with their self-care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
Heart failure, experience, illness, self-management, self-care
Keywords [sv]
Egenvård, erfarenhet, hjärtsvikt, sjukdom, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-22520OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-22520DiVA, id: diva2:1756426
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-05-11 Created: 2023-05-11 Last updated: 2023-05-11Bibliographically approved

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