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Bemötandet av patienter med psykiska sjukdomar i den somatiska vården
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Treatment of patients with mental illnesses in somatic care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykiska sjukdomar har blivit en del av det moderna samhälles folksjukdomar, och är vanliga hos patienter i den somatiska vården. Eventuella fördomar eller bristande kunskap kring psykisk sjukdom hos vårdpersonalen kan leda till att patienter med psykiska sjukdomar får en sämre vård och ett sämre bemötande än andra patientgrupper.

Metod: Studiens design är kvalitativ och empirisk. Data samlades in genom en onlinebaserad enkät där 31 deltagare deltog. Resultatet analyserades genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. 

Syfte: Att beskriva de upplevelser som personer med psykiska sjukdomar har av vårdpersonalens bemötande i den somatiska vården. 

Resultat: Den kvalitativa innehållsanalysen resulterade i tre kategorier vilka är en förutsättning för en positiv upplevelse; Vikten av god kompetens, Vikten av jämlik vård och Organisatoriska faktorer. Temat som framkom var Utan förståelse, ingen god vård. 

Konklusion: Patienter med psykiska sjukdomar har en blandad upplevelse kring bemötandet i den somatiska vårdsektorn. Individuell kunskap och förståelse hos vårdpersonal i den somatiska vården spelar en vital roll i hur patienten med psykisk sjukdom upplever bemötandet. För att kunna erbjuda patienter med psykisk sjukdom en god somatisk vård krävs gedigen utbildning, bättre teamsamverkan och en mer individanpassad vård. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental illness has become one of the modern society’s most common diseases, and are common amongst patients in the somatic care. Potential prejudice or lack of knowledge among nursing staff regarding mental illnesses can lead to poorer somatic care for patients with mental illnesses compared to other patient groups.

Method: Empirical, qualitative methodology was used. Data was collected through an online baser survey where 31 people participated. The results were analyzed by content analysis.

Aim: To describe how patients with mental illnesses experience nursing staff’streatment in the somatic care.

Findings: The analysis resulted in three highlighted categories necessary for a positive treatment experience; The importance of good knowledge, The importance of equal healthcare and Organizational factors. The theme that emerged was Lacking understanding, insufficient care.

Conclusion: Patients with mental illnesses describe a mixed experience of the treatment in somatic care. Individual knowledge and understanding among nursing staff in the somatic care are vital factors to experience a good treatment. Improvements in staff education, teamwork and individualized care are requirements to be able to offer a more equal, improved somatic care for patients with mental illnesses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
Experience, Mental illness, Somatic care, Stigmatization, Treatment
Keywords [sv]
Bemötande, Psykisk sjukdom, Somatisk vård, Stigmatisering, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-22099OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-22099DiVA, id: diva2:1715282
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-12-01 Created: 2022-12-01 Last updated: 2022-12-01Bibliographically approved

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