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Does emotional language use in dream and mind-wandering reports reflect mental well-being and ill-being?
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
2022 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Over the past decades, there has been growing interest in whether the language people use (e.g., in social media) can reflect their well-being (WB) and ill-being (IB). However, little is known about how the content of spontaneous thoughts and experiences (e.g., reports of night-time dreams and daydreams) reflects WB and IB. The present thesis investigated whether emotional language use in dream and mind-wandering (MW; or daydreaming) reports reflects WB and IB. To this end, 1755 dream reports from 172 healthy adults and 1508 MW reports from 153 healthy adults were analyzed using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) text analysis software. Robust multiple linear regressions revealed that self-reported negative emotions over the past two weeks, as well as symptoms of anxiety and depression, predicted negative emotional language use in MW, but not dream, reports. Overall, anxiety accounted for the largest amount of variance in negative emotional language use. The findings carry theoretical implications regarding the nature as well as the function of spontaneous thoughts and experiences, while also paving the way for new diagnostic and prognostic tools in clinical contexts. Additional research is required to confirm the observed relationships and establish their causal direction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Emotional language, spontaneous thought, well-being, dreaming, mind-wandering
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-21806OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-21806DiVA, id: diva2:1694632
Subject / course
Cognitive Neuroscience
Educational program
Kognitiv neurovetenskap: Medvetandet och hjärnan - magisterprogram
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Examiners
Available from: 2022-09-09 Created: 2022-09-09 Last updated: 2022-09-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • apa-cv
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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