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"Det är min kropp, det är mitt val": En kvalitativ studie om de ovaccinerades upplevelser av restriktionerna under Covid-19-pandemin
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"It is my body, it is my choice": A qualitative study of the unvaccinated and their experiences of the restrictions during the pandemic of Covid-19 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Under Covid-19-pandemin infördes en nationell vaccinationsplan i Sverige, som medförde att vissa restriktioner belades med vaccinationsbevis. Bevisen var en del i ledet för att förhindra att ovaccinerade individer samlades i större grupper och bidrog till smittspridning. Vaccinationsbevisen polariserade befolkningen till vaccinerade och ovaccinerade, där de ovaccinerade riskerade att exkluderas till följd av sitt demokratiska ställningstagande. Då sociala krav och förväntningar kan vara utlösande stressfaktorer riskerade de ovaccinerade individerna att bli en del av folkhälsans statistik. Syftet med studien har varit att förstå hur den ovaccinerade individen upplevde restriktionerna. Med anledning av situationens karaktär har studien antagit ett socialpsykologiskt angreppssätt som med hjälp av de teoretiska utgångspunkterna social makt, stämpling och psykosocial stress sökt förståelse för problemet. De tio ovaccinerade respondenterna som deltog i studien intervjuades med hjälp av kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet visade att restriktionerna upplevdes som ett indirekt maktutövande till följd av skepticism och känslor av orättvisa med falsk trygghet, då det med tiden visade sig att vaccinerade också spred smittan. Deras ställningstagande upplevdes även som normbrytande, vilket genererade ett undanhållande av vaccinationsstatuset. Vidare visade resultatet att omedveten stress och subjektiva värderingar genererade copingstrategier som därmed föranledde en alternativ tillvaro med acceptans.

Abstract [en]

During the Covid-19 pandemic, Sweden decided to implement a national vaccination plan for all citizens. This brought restrictions which imposed a vaccination certificate to prevent unvaccinated individuals from gathering in large groups and spread the infection. The vaccination certificate polarized the population to vaccinated and unvaccinated, and where the unvaccinated risked exclusion due to their democratic choice. Social demands and expectations can be triggers for stress related illnesses and the unvaccinated therefore risked being a number in the statistics of public health. The purpose of this study was to understand how the unvaccinated individual experienced the restrictions. Due to the character of the situation a social psychology approach was used and with help of the theories social power, labeling theory and psychosocial stress the understanding of the problem was sought. The ten unvaccinated respondents who took part in the study were interviewed with the help of qualitative semi structured interviews. The results showed that the restrictions were perceived as an indirect exercise of power as a result of skepticism and feelings of injustice with false safety, when it in time showed that vaccinatinated also spread the disease. Their position was also perceived as norm- breaking which generated a withholding of the vaccination status.The result also showed that subconscious stress and subjective values led to an alternative existence with acceptance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 36
Keywords [en]
power, norms, injustice restrictions and coping
Keywords [sv]
makt, normer, orättvisa restriktioner och coping
National Category
Social Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-21194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-21194DiVA, id: diva2:1662359
Subject / course
Social Psychology
Educational program
Social Psychology - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-05-31 Created: 2022-05-31 Last updated: 2022-05-31Bibliographically approved

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