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Patienters upplevelser av egenvård vid diabetes typ-2 – en litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients' experiences of self-care in type 2 diabetes – a literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes är en kronisk som ökar i omfattning i världen. Behandlingsalternativen är insulin och läkemedel samt egenvård. Egenvård är nödvändig för att minska risk för framtida komplikationer till följd av sjukdomen och innebär framförallt förändrade kost-och motionsvanor. Metod: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt. Vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats har analyserats. Syfte: Belysa patienters upplevelser av egenvård vid diabetes typ-2. Resultat: I analysen framkom fyra teman 1) Att få en sjukdomsdiagnos, 2) utmaningar gällande kost-och motionsvanor och 3) det professionella stödet 4) stöd från anhöriga. Konklusion:Egenvård är en process som kräver mycket stöd från anhöriga och sjuksköterskan. Stödet från sjuksköterskan i form av stöttning och vägledning i sjukdomen och stöd från anhöriga genom uppmuntran och motivation. Bristande stöd från dessa leder till bristande egenvård.

Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes is a chronic disease that is increasing in the world. The treatment options are insulin and medication as well as self management. Self management is necessary to reduce the risk of future complications as a result of the disease and primarily involves changes in diet and exercise habits. Method: A qualitative literature review. Scientific articles with a qualitative approach have been analyzed. Aim: To shed light on patients' experiences of self management in type 2 diabetes. Findings: The analysis revealed three themes 1) Being diagnosed with a disease, 2) Struggles regarding food and exercise habits 3) the professional support and 4) support from relatives. Conclusion: : Self management is a process that requires a lot of support from relatives and the nurse. The support from the nurse in the form of guidance within the disease and support from relatives through encouragement and motivation. Lack of support from these leads to lack of self management

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Diabetes type 2, experienc*, family, self care and self management
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-21084OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-21084DiVA, id: diva2:1654624
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-04-28 Created: 2022-04-28 Last updated: 2022-04-28Bibliographically approved

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