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Health behavior of working-aged Finns predicts self-reported life satisfaction in a population-based 9-years follow-up
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland ; Research Services, Turku University Hospital, Finland.
Institute of Clinical Medicine (Psychiatry), University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland ; Mental health & Wellbeing Center, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland.
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland ; Research Services, Turku University Hospital, Finland ; Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland ; Research Services, Turku University Hospital, Finland ; Centre for Population Health Research, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland.
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2021 (English)In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 21, no 1, article id 1815Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous studies have shown positive association between health behavior and life satisfaction, but the studies have mostly been cross-sectional, had follow-up times up to 5 years or focused on only one health behavior domain. The aim of the study was to explore how principal health behavior domains predict life satisfaction as a composite score in a previously unexplored longitudinal setting. Methods: The present study tested whether a health behavior sum score (range 0–4) comprising of dietary habits, smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity predicted subsequent composite score of life satisfaction (range 4–20). Data included responses from 11,000 working-age Finns who participated in the Health and Social Support (HeSSup) prospective population-based postal survey. Results: Protective health behavior in 2003 predicted (p <.001) better life satisfaction 9 years later when sex, age, education, major diseases, and baseline life satisfaction were controlled for. The β in the linear regression model was − 0.24 (p <.001) corresponding to a difference of 0.96 points in life satisfaction between individuals having the best and worst health behavior. Conclusion: Good health behavior has a long-term beneficial impact on subsequent life satisfaction. This knowledge could strengthen the motivation for improvement of health behavior particularly on an individual level but also on a policy level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2021. Vol. 21, no 1, article id 1815
Keywords [en]
Follow-up, Health behavior, Life satisfaction, Longitudinal study, Subjective well-being
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Research on Citizen Centered Health, University of Skövde (Reacch US)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-20661DOI: 10.1186/s12889-021-11796-4ISI: 000705201400001PubMedID: 34625042Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85116733253OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-20661DiVA, id: diva2:1604768
Note

CC BY 4.0

© The Author(s). 2021 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License /.../ The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

* Correspondence: sade.stenlund@utu.fi

Available from: 2021-10-21 Created: 2021-10-21 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved

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Suominen, Sakari

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