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Anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en familjemedlem som lider av Alzheimers sjukdom: En litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Relatives' experiences of caring for a family member suffering from Alzheimer's disease : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Alzheimers sjukdom påverkar både patienten och den som vårdar honom eller henne. En anhörig vårdar ofta patienten och det har visat sig att de är utsatta för olika svårigheter.  Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en familjemed­lem med Alzheimers sjukdom. Metoden som användes för att besvara syftet var att göra en litteraturstudie enligt Polit och Becks (2004) beskrivning av genomförandet av en litteratur­studie. Dataanalysen skedde med kvalitativ ansats genom att artiklarna lästes igenom nog­grant och gemensamheter och mönster bland anhörigvårdares upplevelser söktes. Studiens resultat baserades på åtta veten­skapliga artiklar från vilka fem teman framkom. Resultatet visade att många anhörigvår­dare upplevde en förlust av relationer. De saknade relationen både med patienten och med vänner. De tyckte även att det var viktigt att ha fritid och tid för sig själva, vilket ofta var svårt att åstadkomma. Viljan till att söka ny kunskap blev stor när de tog på sig rollen som anhörigvårdare, och många upplevde olika lidanden och besvär såsom skuld och de­pression. Upplevelserna i resultatet åskådliggjorde att en stor del av de anhöriga inte kände välbefinnande. Detta resultat pekar på vikten av att sjuksköterskor är medvetna om de upplevelser och känslor anhörigvårdare har.

Abstract [en]

Alzheimer’s disease afflicts both the patient and the person caring for him or her. A relative often provides care for the patient and it appears as though they are exposed to different adversities. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of relatives which care for a family member suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. The method used to answer the aim was to do a literature review by using Polit and Becks (2004) description of how to make a literature review. The data analysis was made with a qualitative approach by reading the articles accurately and patterns among the experiences family caregivers have been sought. The results of the study are based on eight scientific articles. Five themes emerged from these articles. The results show that many family caregivers experienced a loss of relationships. They missed the relationship with the patient as well as the relationship with friends. They also thought that it was important to have leisure, which often is hard to accomplish. The desire to seek for new knowledge became large when they became family caregivers, and many of them experienced different sufferings and troubles such as guilt and depression. The results show that many of the relatives did not experience well-being. On account of this it is important that nurses know about the experiences and feelings family caregivers have.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, family caregiver, relative, experiences
Keyword [sv]
Alzheimers sjukdom, demens, anhörigvårdare, närstående, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-2651OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-2651DiVA: diva2:158293
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-03-05 Created: 2009-01-31 Last updated: 2010-02-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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