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Arbetsmiljö inom hälso- och sjukvården: Arbetsmiljöfaktorer som ofta orsakar utbrändhet hos de anställda
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Work environment in healthcare : Work environment factors that often cause burnout in employees (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med detta arbete var att analysera vilka faktorer som bidrar till utbrändhet hos de som arbetar inom hälsovården. Metod: Följande arbete bestod av en litteraturstudie. Analys: Flera vetenskapliga tvärsnittsartiklar från olika länder användes med målet att undersöka vilka arbetsmiljöfaktorer ofta förekommer och orsakar utmatning hos läkare, sjuksköterskor och undersköterskor. Resultat: Under arbetets gång under resultatet redogjordes det att utbrändhet orsakas av många faktorer såsom stressiga arbetsdagar, ung ålder, brist på arbetserfarenhet, familjestatus, antal barn, tätt samarbete med många patienter, liten kontakt med arbetskamrater, höga krav och otacksamhet från patienter, problem med ekonomi, brist på vila och individens hälsoproblem. Med hjälp av Maslach Burnout Inventory och Copenhagen Burnout Inventory som användes i artiklar var utmattningssyndrom tydligt definierad, och dess faktorer noggrant analyserade. Diskussion: I diskussionsdelen var två olika Burnout Inventory - enkäter beskrivna med stöd av artiklar. Dessutom diskuterades egenskaper hos en enkät vilket stöddes av Bryman (2008), och förutom det genomfördes genomgång av artiklar, använda i analysdelen, för att säkerställa deras trovärdighet.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to analyze the factors that contribute to burnout in those who works in health care. Method: The following work consists of literature study. Analysis: Several scientific cross-sectional articles from different countries were used with the aim of investigating which work environment factors often occur and cause the burnout among physicians, nurses and assisted nurses. Result: During the result, it was reported the burnout is caused by many factors such as stressful working days, young age, lack of work experience, family status, number of children, close cooperation with many patients, little contact med colleagues, high demands and ingratitude from the patients, problems with finances, lack of rest and individual´s health problems. Using the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory used in articles, fatigue syndrome was clearly defined, and its factors carefully analyzed. Discussion: In the discussion two different Burnout Inventory – surveys were described with the support of articles. In addition, the characteristics of a survey were discussed, with was supported by Bryman (2008); and articles, used in the analysis, were presented to ensure their credibility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
occupational health, stress, nurses, doctors, burnout, healthcare
Keywords [sv]
arbetshälsa, stress, sköterskor, läkare, utbrändhet, hälso- och sjukvården
National Category
Work Sciences Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-20095OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-20095DiVA, id: diva2:1576198
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-06-30 Created: 2021-06-30 Last updated: 2021-06-30Bibliographically approved

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