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Kartläggning av befintliga lösningar för automatisk avfallssortering
University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Mapping of existing solutions for automatic waste sorting (English)
Abstract [sv]

Examensarbetet handlar om kartläggning av befintliga automatiska lösningar till sortering av avfall. Behovet till detta grundar sig på att hushållen i Sverige inte källsorterar rätt i tillräckligt stor utsträckning och efterhandssortering krävs.

Syftet och målen med arbetet har varit att ta fram väsentlig information om sortering av plast, glas och metall och analysera metoderna. Under arbetets gång riktades fokuset in på plast eftersom plast är den största utmaningen för klimatet i dagsläget.

För genomförandet krävdes litteraturstudier som handlade om ämnet. De rapporter och artiklar som studerades diskuterades sedan med handledare på AÖS för snabb återkoppling. Dessutom invigdes en ny anläggning i Stockholm för efterhandssortering under projektets gång och mycket information samlades från anläggningen när det gäller kapacitet och kostnader.

Projektet resulterade i en SWOT-analys som påvisade styrkor och svagheter hos en eftersorteringsanläggning och eventuella hot kartlagdes. Även alternativa metoder för efterhandssortering presenterades i arbetet. Dessa metoder är avfallskontroll och kemisk återvinning som inte kräver sortering av avfall i samma utsträckning.

Abstract [en]

The final year project handles mapping of known automatic solutions for sorting of waste. The need is based on the fact that households in Sweden does not handle their recycling sufficiently and post-sorting is necessary.

The purpose and main objectives with the project have been to propose essential information about plastic, glass and metal and analysing the methods. During the project, the focus targeted plastics due to plastics impact on environment.

During the implementation studies of literature about the subject was necessary. The rapports and articles studied were discussed among the group and the mentor at AÖS to gain fast feedback. During the project, a new plant for postsorting were inaugurated in Stockholm. Information from the plant were collected regarding price, efficiency and layout.

The project resulted in SWOT-analysis which showed the strengths and weaknesses at post-sorting plants. Eventual threats were mapped out. Alternative methods for post-sorting were presented in the project. These methods are wastehandling check and chemical recycling which does not need sorting of waste in the same extent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. viii, 25
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-19886OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-19886DiVA, id: diva2:1569005
External cooperation
Avfallshantering Östra Skaraborg i Skövde
Subject / course
Industrial Engineering
Educational program
Production Technician
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-06-18 Created: 2021-06-18 Last updated: 2021-06-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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