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Patienters upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt i palliativt skede: En litteraturbaserad studie
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients' experiences of living with heart failure in palliative stage : A literature based study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige lever cirka 180 000–350 000 personer med hjärtsvikt. Hjärtsvikt i NYHA klass III och IV innebär att sjukdomen inte längre går att behandla utan att vårdandet istället övergår till symtom lindrande vård och i senare skede till palliativ vård. Förväntad livstid är begränsad till ett år i den senare delen av hjärtsvikt. Syfte: Beskriva patienters upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt i ett palliativt skede. Metod: Litteraturbaserad metod med grund i analys av kvalitativ forskning för att bidra till evidensbaserad omvårdnad. Datamaterialet baseras på 13 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Ur analysen framträdde tre teman; Kroppen sviker, nära relationer, ovisshet om framtiden med sex underteman. Konklusion: För att bidra till en god vård i livets slut bör vården utgå från patientens livsvärld, där behov och önskningar beaktas. Sjuksköterskan ska stödja till en trygg och säker vård genom att låta patient och anhöriga delta.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden, approximately 180,000–350,000 people live with heart failure. Heart failure in NYHA class III and IV means that the disease can no longer be treated, and the patient will be treated with palliative care. Life expectancy is limited to one year in the later part of heart failure. Aim: To describe patients' experiences of living with heart failure in a palliative stage. Method: Literature based study, based on 13 qualitative scientific articles. Results: Patients experienced physical and mental limitations in the palliative care phase. The nurse played a significant role in the experience of safe care. Social relationships were perceived as a support in everyday life and care. The future was uncertain, some were waiting for death and others felt hope for the future. Conclusion: In order to contribute to good care at the end of life, the care should be based on the patient's world of life, where needs and wishes are included. The nurse must support the patient by allowing the patient and relatives to participate

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
end-of-life care, heart failure, participation, social relationships, wellbeing
Keywords [sv]
delaktighet, hjärtsvikt, sociala relationer, vård i livets slut, välbefinnande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-19315OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-19315DiVA, id: diva2:1509856
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-12-14 Created: 2020-12-14 Last updated: 2020-12-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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