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Livet med dysfagi efter stroke: En litteraturöversikt utifrån drabbade personers perspektiv och erfarenheter
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Life with dysphagia after stroke : A literature review from affected patients´ perspective and experiences (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: En stroke kan drabba vem som helst, det kan också komplikationen dysfagi. Med försämrad sväljningsförmåga kan också livskvalitén, hälsan och välbefinnandet hos de drabbade personerna påverkas. Som sjuksköterska är det viktig att ha både kunskap och förståelse för sväljsvårigheter för att kunna ge patienter en god och säker vård. Metod: Studien är en beskrivande litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ ansats som grundar sig på tio kvalitativa artiklar som söktes fram via databasen CINAHL. Syfte: Att belysa drabbade personers upplevelser av dysfagi efter stroke. Resultat: Resultatet delades upp i kategorier utefter upplevelser som berör begränsningar, känsla av rädsla, att ta kontroll, känslan av trygghet och ny anpassning till vardagen. Där framkommer både positiva och negativa upplevelser hos individerna. Konklusion: Dysfagi är ett svårt symtom med både fysiska och psykiska hinder. Dysfagi ger upphov till rädsla, begränsningar, kontrollbehov, anpassning men drabbade personer kan ändå uppleva trygghet i vissa situationer tillsammans med andra förstående individer. Även om dysfagi kan ha en negativ inverkan på livet kan känslan av god av livskvalité, hälsa och välbefinnande upplevas genom att drabbade personer lär sig hantera symtomet.

Abstract [en]

Background: A stroke can affect anyone, so can the complication dysphagia. With impaired swallowing ability, the quality of life, health and well-being of the person can also be affected. As a nurse, it is important to have both knowledge and understanding of swallowing difficulties in order to provide patients with good and safe care. Method: The study is a descriptive literature review with a qualitative approach that is based on ten qualitative articles that were searched through the CINAHL database. Aim: To elucidate affected people´s experiences of post-stroke dysphagia. Result: The result was divided into categories based on experiences that relate to limitations, feelings of fear, taking control, the feeling of security and new adaptation to everyday life. There are both positive and negative experiences in the individuals. Conclusion: Dysphagia is a serious illness with both physical and mental barriers. Dysphagia gives rise to fear, limitations, control needs, adaptation but affected people can still experience security in certain situations along with other understanding individuals. Although dysphagia can have a negative impact on life, the feeling of goodness of quality of life, health and well-being can be experienced by affected people learning to cope with the symptom.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Complications, Dysphagia, Eating difficulties, Experience, Stroke
Keywords [sv]
Dysfagi, Komplikationer, Stroke, Upplevelser, Ätsvårigheter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17932OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17932DiVA, id: diva2:1373451
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-08 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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