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BARNMORSKORS UPPFATTNING OM SPIRAL SOM PREVENTIVMEDELSMETOD TILL UNGA KVINNOR: En fenomenografisk intervjustudie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
MIDWIVE’S PERCEPTIONS OF INTRAUTERINE DEVICE AS A CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD TO YOUNG WOMEN : Phenomenographical research with interviews (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:Spiral är en högeffektiv preventivmedelsmetod och har tidigare enbart rekommenderats till kvinnor som fött barn. Dessa riktlinjer har förändrats och spiral är ett förstahandsalternativ till unga kvinnor. Barnmorskor ger trots det varierande information kring spiral till unga kvinnor. Syfte: Att belysa barnmorskors uppfattning av spiral som preventivmedelsmetod till unga kvinnor.Metod:Fenomenografisk forskningsmetod med induktiv ansats användes i studien. Sju barnmorskor intervjuades med semistrukturerade frågor i Västra Götaland.Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i tre beskrivningskategorier och fem uppfattningar: rätt information är av betydelse; unga kvinnors sexuella erfarenhet är av betydelse; Omgivningens kunskap varierar.Konklusion:Resultatet visar att individanpassad information är av stor vikt och att unga kvinnor ska få möjlighet till ett informerat val. Barnmorskor uppfattar att spiral är en effektiv preventivmedelsmetod till unga kvinnor som har debuterat sexuellt. Till de kvinnor som inte haft penetrerande samlag, rekommenderas en annan preventivmedelsmetod. Hur information om spiral ges är viktigt för följsamheten i användningen. De unga kvinnorna bör ha en realistisk bild av spiral och det är betydelsefullt att barnmorskor informerar om både för- och nackdelar. Genom att barnmorskorna är uppdaterade och inhämtar ny forskning kan rätt kunskap kring spiral förmedlas. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Intrauterine device is an effective contraceptive method and was earlier only recommended for women who have had given birth. These guidelines have changed, and intrauterine device is a first choice for young women. Still midwives give various information about intrauterine device to young women.   Purpose: To illustrate midwives’ perceptions of intrauterine device to young women.Method: Phenomenographical research with an inductive approach was used in the study. 7 midwives were interviewed with semi-structured questions in western Sweden. Result: The midwives’ perceptions of intrauterine device as a contraceptive method to young women are presented in three descriptive categories and five perceptions: Rightinformation is of meaning; Young women’s sexual experience are of relevance; The environment’s knowledge varies.Conclusion: Midwives perception is that intrauterine deviceis an effective contraceptive method for young women who have had their sexual debut. For the young women who haven’t lost their virginity other contraceptive methods are preferred. How the information about intrauterine device is given is important for adherence among young women. The young women should have a realistic imageof the intrauterine device and there for it’s important that the midwives provide both advantages and disadvantages when they give information.If Midwives are updated and stays ahead with research they can provide a better knowledge of the intrauterine device. 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Young women, Intrauterine device, Information, Sexual experience, Phenomenography
Keywords [sv]
Unga kvinnor, Spiral, Information, Sexuell erfarenhet, Fenomenografi
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17619OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17619DiVA, id: diva2:1347947
Subject / course
Reproductive, Perinatal and Sexual Health
Educational program
Midwifery - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-02 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved

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