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Musikens betydelse i omvårdnaden av demenssjuka: en litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The use of music and its effects on persons with dementia in a nurse-caring environment : a review of the literature (English)
Abstract [sv]

Demens är en degenerativ sjukdom som angriper den drabbade personens nervsystem på så vis att personen gradvis blir mentalt och socialt handikappad, innan sjukdomen slutligen leder till döden. Orsakerna till sjukdomen är ännu okänd, men det finns kunskap om hur vården av dessa människor kan bli så lämplig som möjligt. Sämre minne, aggressivt beteende och ångest är några av de sätt som sjukdomen yttrar sig på. Sjukdomen kan medföra svårigheter för vårdtagaren att fungera självständigt i det vardagliga livet, vilket gör att professionell vård ofta behövs. Tidigare studier har påvisat att estetik kan spela en viktig roll för att öka livskvaliteten. De specifika effekterna av musik är dock mer okända. Studiens syfte var att få kunskap om hur musik, ur en estetisk synvinkel, kan påverka en person med demens i omvårdnaden. Studien gjordes med en litteraturöversikt där kvalitativa studier analyserades, dokumenterades och diskuterades. Resultatet visar att musik hade effekter på emotionella, sociala, och fysiska aspekter, samt ökade minnesförmågan och dess kapacitet. En syntes gjordes av det sammanställda resultatet för att få en förståelse av musikens positiva påverkan på dementa utifrån ett omvårdnadsperspektiv.

Abstract [en]

Dementia is a degenerative disease that affects a person’s nervous system in a way in which he or she gradually becomes mentally and socially disabled, and in the end leads to death.  Even though the cause of this disease is still unknown, there is enough knowledge about the disease to make caring for these patients as sufficient as possible. Poor memory, aggressive behavior, and anxiety are the most common symptoms in a person with the disease, which makes professional care a necessity. Although previous studies have shown that the use of esthetics play an important roll in increasing quality of life, the specific effects seem to be more unknown. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge of how music, from an aesthetical point of view, can affect a person with dementia in a nurse- caring environment. The study was carried out through a review of the literature in which qualitative studies were analyzed, documented, and discussed. The findings show that music had most of its effects on emotional, social, and physical aspects along with an increase in memory ability and capacity. A synthesis of the findings was discussed through a perspective that describes the positive effects of music and how it can be assessed in the care of people with dementia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 23 p.
Keyword [sv]
musik, demens
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-2526OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-2526DiVA: diva2:134017
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-02-06 Created: 2009-01-16 Last updated: 2009-10-19Bibliographically approved

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Kinnander, EmelieStewart, Erica
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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Output format
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