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Skolsköterskors upplevelser av hälsofrämjande och förebyggande arbete i relation till antal elever: En kvalitativ fokusgruppsstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
School nurse’s experience of health-promoting and preventive work in relation to the number of students : A qualitative focus group study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Riksföreningen för skolsköterskor släppte på 1990-talet en rekommendation om max 400 elever per heltidsarbetande skolsköterska. Sedan dess har en ny Skollag (2010:800) antagits vilken reglerar skolsköterskors uppdrag och innefattar ett basprogram med hälsobesök samt vaccinationer. Uppdraget innefattar även att skolsköterskor ska arbeta hälsofrämjande och förebyggande utifrån elevers livsvärld.

Syfte: Belysa skolsköterskors upplevelser av att arbeta hälsofrämjande och förebyggande med ett elevantal som överstiger rekommendationen om max 400 elever per heltidsarbetande skolsköterska.

Metod: Studien genomfördes med kvalitativ metod. Tre fokusgruppsdiskussioner med sammanlagt 11 deltagande skolsköterskor genomfördes i södra Sverige. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att analysera data.

Resultat: Analysen av datamaterialet mynnade ut i fyra kategorier: Tidsbrist medför prioritering av arbetsuppgifter, Hög arbetsbelastning på grund av olika faktorer, Hälsofrämjande och förebyggande arbete på gruppnivå samt Rekommendationen i förhållande till skolsköterskors arbetsbelastning och elevers hälsa.

Konklusion: Viljan och ambitionen att arbeta hälsofrämjande och förebyggande finns hos skolsköterskor men på grund av tidsbrist prioriteras detta arbete bort. För att ge skolsköterskor möjlighet att arbeta enligt Skollagen (2010:800) behöver elevantalet och även rekommendationen ses över.

Abstract [en]

Background: In the 1990’s the Swedish Association of School nurses released a recommendation for a maximum of 400 students per full-time school nurse. Since then a new School Law (2010:800) has been adopted which regulates the school nurse's assignments and includes a basic program with health visits and vaccinations. The assignment also includes that school nurses should work on health promotion and prevention based on pupils' life world.

Aim: Illuminate school nurses' experiences of working on health promotion and prevention with a student number that exceeds the recommendation of a maximum of 400 students per full-time school nurse.

Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative method. Three focus group discussions with a total of 11 participating school nurses were conducted in southern Sweden. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze data.

Results: The analysis of the data material resulted in four categories: Lack of time entails prioritizing tasks, High workload due to various factors, Health promotion and preventive work at group level, and the Recommendation in relation to school nurses 'workload and pupils' health.

Conclusion: The desire and ambition to work for health promotion and prevention is found in school nurses, but due to lack of time, this work is not given priority. In order to give school nurses the opportunity to work according to the School Law (2010:800) the number of students and also the recommendation need to be reviewed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Prevention, health promotion, recommendation, association, school nurse
Keywords [sv]
Förebyggande, hälsofrämjande, rekommendation, riksförening, skolsköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17017DiVA, id: diva2:1322831
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Specialist Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-11 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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