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Kvinnors upplevelser av en förändrad kropp i samband med en mastektomi: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women´s experience of an altered body associated with mastectomy : A qualitative literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är en vanlig cancersjukdom hos kvinnor. Kvinnorna genomgår olika behandlingar varav en är mastektomi. Borttagandet av hela bröstet/brösten medför flera omställningar som påverkar kvinnligheten, sexualiteten och kroppen samt hela kvinnornas livsvärld. Sjuksköterskan har en uppgift att stötta kvinnor med bröstcancer genom diagnos och behandling i samband med omvårdnaden. Syfte: Syftet med den här litteraturöversikten var att belysa kvinnors upplevelser vid en mastektomi. Metod: Litteraturöversikt baserad på tio stycken kvalitativa artiklar som blev analyserade. Resultat: Kvinnorna upplevde att mastektomin påverkade deras sätt att se på sig själva. Mastektomin ledde till ett undvikande beteende och de hade svårt att acceptera den nya kroppen. Den förändrade kroppen påverkar kvinnorna i de intima relationerna samt i de sociala relationerna vilket resulterade i ett lidande. Kvinnorna upplevde att kroppen hade svikit dem och de hade svårt att både se och röra vid sig själva. Kvinnligheten förändrades och kvinnorna fick läras sig att acceptera sin nya förändrade kropp. Slutsats: Mastektomin påverkade mer än bara kvinnans kropp fysiskt, det påverkade även kvinnan psykiskt. Känslan av att vara kvinna förminskades då de blev mastektomerade. Kvinnans hela livsvärld påverkades i samband med mastektomin och resulterade i ett livslidande.

Abstract [en]

Background: Breast cancer is a common cancer among women. Women undergo several different treatments and mastectomy is one of them. The removal of the entire breast/breasts causes several changes which affect womanhood, sexuality and the body as well and the women´s entire world of being. The nurse has a task too support women with breast cancer through the diagnosis and treatments in connection with nursing. Aim: The aim of this literature study was to illuminate women´s experiences around a mastectomy. Methods: Literature review based on ten qualitative articles that were analyzed. Results: Women felt that mastectomy affected their way of looking at themselves. Mastectomy led to avoided behavior and they had a hard time accepting the new body. The changed body affected women in the intimate relations and in social relations which resulted in a suffering. The women felt that the body had failed them, and they had difficulties to both see and touch themselves. Femininity was changed and women had to learn to accept their new changed body. Conclusion: Mastectomy affected more than just the woman’s body physically, it also affected the woman mentally. The feeling of being a woman was reduced when they undergo mastectomy. The woman´s entire world of being was affected in connection with the mastectomy an resulted in lifelong suffering.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
body image, breast cancer, experience, mastectomy, women
Keywords [sv]
bröstcancer, kroppsbild, kvinnor, mastektomi, upplevelser
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16881OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16881DiVA, id: diva2:1315102
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-10 Last updated: 2019-05-15Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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