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Organmottagares upplevelse av att ha genomgått en hjärttransplantation: En litteraturbaserad studie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The organ recipient’s experience after having a heart transplant : A literature-based study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige utfördes den första hjärttransplantationen år 1984 i Göteborg. En ökande trend har identifierats genom åren och Sverige är det land som utför flest hjärttransplantationer i Skandinavien. Det är vid svår hjärtsvikt som den drabbade kan bli kandidat för eventuell hjärttransplantation och sjuksköterskan har en nyckelroll i omvårdnaden av dessa patienter. Omvårdnadens syfte är att förbättra patientens chans för överlevnad och livskvalitet. Syfte: Beskriva organmottagares upplevelser av att ha genomgått en hjärttransplantation. Metod: En litteraturbaserad metod för att bidra till evidensbaserad omvårdnad med grund i analys av kvalitativ forskning. Resultat: Fyra kategorier identifierades; En ny livssituation, förändrad syn på livet, ta del av andra erfarenheter och nya tankar inför framtiden, med tio underkategorier. Konklusion: Resultatet visar att patienter som genomgått en hjärttransplantation upplever en förändrad vardag och livssyn. Nya insikter om livet och upplevelse av att fått en ny chans skapas. Detta väcker känsla av tacksamhet och skyldighet gentemot sin donator. Majoriteten av patienterna upplevde att stödet från sjukvården var bristfälligt, både inför och efter operationen och att det är bristen på information som upplevs som central.

Abstract [en]

Background: The first heart transplant performed in Sweden took place in 1984 in Gothenburg. An increasing trend has been identified over the years and Sweden is the country that performs most heart transplants in Scandinavia. It is in case of severe heart failure that the affected person can become a candidate for any heart transplant and the nurse has a key role in the care of these patients. The purpose of nursing is to improve the patient's chance of survival and quality of life. Aim: The aim was to describe the organ recipient’ experience after having a heart transplant. Method: A literature-based study where the data consisted of qualitative articles. Result: Four categories were identified; A new life situation, changed view of life, influence from others and new thoughts about the future with ten subcategories. Conclusion: The result shows that patients who have undergone a heart transplant experience a changed everyday life and belief. New insights about life and the experience of having a new chance created. This arouses a sense of gratitude and obligation towards their donor. The majority of the patients felt that the support from the health service was inadequate, both before and after the surgery and that it is the lack of information that is perceived as central.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
experiences, feelings, heart transplant, organ recipient, recovery
Keywords [sv]
hjärttransplantation, känslor, organmottagare, upplevelser, återhämtning
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16761OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16761DiVA, id: diva2:1303328
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-04-10 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-04-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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