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Changes in children’s diet and physical activity as perceived by their mothers: Impact of a health promotion intervention for mothers in a sub-urban area of Nepal
Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal.
Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. (Individ och Samhälle (VIDSOC), Individual and Society)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4397-3721
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sweden / UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø. (Individ och Samhälle (VIDSOC), Individual and Society)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4583-9315
2018 (English)In: Journal of Kathmandu Medical College, ISSN 2091-1785, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 140-146Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

Unhealthy diet and physical inactivity contribute to the growing burden of cardiovascular diseases in Nepal. Lifestyle is formed in childhood and in the Nepalese context influenced mainly by mothers, it is to date unknown how influential mothers are.

Objectives:

To assess changes in children’s diet and physical activity as perceived by their mothers after a health promotion intervention.

Methodology:

The Heart-Health Associated Research, Dissemination and Intervention in the Community is a community trial conducted in the Jhaukhel-Duwakot Health Demographic Surveillance site, in Bhaktapur district of Nepal. We conducted a health promotion intervention on diet and physical activity targeted at mothers with children aged one to nine years old in August-November 2016. Duwakot was randomized as the intervention site and Jhaukhel as the control. We conducted a follow-up study after three months to determine the outcome of the intervention. Nine trained enumerators conducted door-to-door visits to all households with eligible mothers. We calculated mean, frequency and percent changes for children’s behavior.

Results:

As responded by mothers, children in Duwakot consumed more healthy snacks after the intervention compared to Jhaukhel. Children in Duwakot increased consumption of water and milk. Children’s consumption of packet juices and soft drinks was decreased by 30% and 4% respectively. There was 21% increment in the duration of outdoor playing among the children at Duwakot during follow-up.

Conclusion:

The Heart-Health Associated Research, Dissemination and Intervention in the Community that focused on mothers showed indirect positive impact on their young children’s diet and physical activity behavior. In future, the longterm effects of such intervention should be assessed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kathmandu, 2018. Vol. 7, no 4, p. 140-146
Keywords [en]
Behavior, Children, Diet, Health promotion, Physical activity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16750DOI: 10.3126/jkmc.v7i4.23298OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16750DiVA, id: diva2:1302828
Note

Vol. 7, No. 4, Issue 26

Available from: 2019-04-05 Created: 2019-04-05 Last updated: 2019-06-05Bibliographically approved

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Eiben, GabrieleKrettek, Alexandra

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