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Vänskap och kultur: En kvalitativ  studie om immigranters upplevelse av deras ackulturationsprocess med fokus på etniska vänskapsrelationer
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Friendship and culture : A qualitative study about immigrants experiences regarding their acculturation process with focus on ethnical friendship ties (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att erhålla en djupare förståelse för hur migranter som har flyttat från Chile samt Bosnien och Hercegovina och bosatt sig i Sverige, upplever sin ackulturationsprocess i relation till deras vänskapskrets etniska bakgrund. Arbetet fokuserar på migranters subjektiva upplevelse av den egna ackulturationsprocessen som sedan analyseras utifrån socialpsykologiska teorier. Dessa är social utbytesteori, ackulturation och symbolisk interaktionism samt begrepp som tillhör dessa teorier. Genom semistrukturerade intervjuer framkom ett resultat som visar att ackulturationen har en påverkan på vem man väljer att etablera en vänskapsrelation med. Resultatet visar ansatser till att migranter vars strategi för ackulturation är integration i det nya landets samhälle, utvecklar vänskapsrelationer med den etniska majoritetsbefolkningen. Det framkom även att ackulturation som tydliggörs i känsla av separation och marginalisering leder till att migranter endast vänder sig till vänner med tillhörande etnicitet från samma hemland. Vidare visar resultatet att språket är den mest bidragande faktorn till integration, följt av arbete och skolutbildning i det nya landet som andra viktiga bidragande faktorer. 

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to obtain a deeper understanding for how immigrants who migrated from Chile and Bosnia and Herzegovina and are residing in Sweden, experience their acculturation process in relation to their friendship relations’ ethnical background. The research focuses on immigrants’ subjective experience of their own acculturation process which is then analyzed with social psychological theories including Social exchange theory, Acculturation and Symbolic interactionism, together with concepts belonging to these theories. Through semi structured interviews, a result emerged which shows that the experienced acculturation has an influence on whom one chooses to establish a friendship relation with. The result shows that immigrants whos acculturation indicates towards integration in the host country tend to develop friendship ties with people of the ethnical majority population. Acculturation made clear in a feeling of separation and marginalization results in that the immigrant solely turns to friends belonging of the own ethnical country of birth. Furthermore, the result shows that language is the most contributory factor for integration, followed by work and schooling in the host country as other important contributory factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 54
Keywords [en]
migration, acculturation, friendship relations, culture, ethnicity
Keywords [sv]
migration, ackulturation, vänskapsrelationer, kultur, etnicitet
National Category
Social Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16647OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16647DiVA, id: diva2:1290105
Subject / course
Social Psychology
Educational program
Social Psychology - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-22 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-02-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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