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Olika yrkeskategoriers följsamhet till basala hygienrutiner inom djursjukvården: En enkätstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Animal health care workers´ compliance to basic hygiene routines : A questionnaire study (English)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Infection control in animal health care is, as in human health care, most important to prevent and fight antibiotic resistance. Animal health can also influence public health. Basic hygiene routines; hand hygiene, routines for proper attire, and routines for personal protective equipment (PPE), such as protective aprons and gloves, represent the simplest and most important infection control and prevention measures. High compliance to these routines is important to achieve. However, due to few scientific publications in the animal health care arena, customized and efficient efforts have not been fully identified for this environment. Therefore, optimal oversight and compliance assessments are difficult to achieve. Similar to human health care, several infection control and prevention measures and responsibilities are addressed by nurses.

Objectives: To study compliance to basic hygiene routines and assess whether compliance differs between different animal health care professions, such as nurses versus veterinarians.

Method: A quantitative web-based survey about basic hygiene routines, was used to investigate compliance to basic hygiene routines among animal healthcare providers. The eligible respondent sample was comprised of 360-2600 providers. Difference in compliance among professions within animal health care was estimated using SPSS statistical analysis software.

Results: Of a possible 360-2600 possible respondents, 313 animal healthcare providers responded to our web-based survey. Significant differences in compliance among professions were not found (between veterinarians and veterinary nurses with a degree, and veterinarians versus nurses without a degree). Higher compliance was observed at larger animal hospitals and among personnel educated at their work place in basic hygiene routines. Hand disinfectant use before contact with patients was most often missed, as well as not wearing a protective apron or coat if risk for contact with body fluids was evident.

Conclusion: In contrast to previous practical experience and reports, our results showed no significant difference in compliance between animal healthcare veterinarians and nurses. Given our null findings, more studies are needed to identify hidden factors influencing compliance among animal health care workers, as well as attention to representative sampling. Even so, based on our results, potential interventions include enhanced work-based education programs on infection control and prevention, with attention to smaller (small to medium sized) animal health care clinics. Focus for such interventions should also address hand disinfection before contact with patients. In addition, more effective monitoring is required.

Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Vårdhygien inom djursjukvården är liksom inom sjukvården viktigt för att förebygga och motverka utvecklingen av antibiotikaresistens vilken kan påverka folkhälsan. Basala hygienrutiner är en av de viktigaste vårdhygieniska åtgärderna för att förhindra smitta inom sjukvården och djursjukvården. En god följsamhet till basala hygienrutiner är mycket viktig att uppnå men på grund av liten kunskap om hur det förhåller sig inom djursjukvården är det svårt att skräddarsy insatser. Traditionellt riktas många vårdhygieniska insatser och ansvar till sköterskor i djursjukvården.

Syfte: Undersöka om följsamheten till basala hygienrutiner skiljer sig mellan olika yrkeskategorier inom djursjukvården.

Metod: Genom kvantitativ ansats utifrån 313 svar på en webenkät med ett utskick på 360-2600 enkäter om basala hygienrutiner undersöka självskattad följsamhet och med hjälp av statistikprogrammet SPSS beräkna om skillnader finns mellan olika yrkeskategorier inom djursjukvården.

Resultat: Signifikanta skillnader i följsamhet till basala hygienrutiner mellan yrkeskategorierna veterinärer och sköterskor (djurvårdare och djursjukskötare) fanns inte. Bättre följsamhet sågs på större arbetsplatser samt om personalen fått utbildning på arbetsplatsen. Handdesinfektion före patientkontakt var svårast att följa samt användning av skyddsförkläde/rock vid risk för kontakt med kroppsvätskor.

Slutsats: I motsats till tidigare praktisk erfarenhet visade resultaten att signifikant skillnad i följsamhet mellan veterinärer och djurvårdare eller mellan veterinärer och djursjukskötare inte kunde ses. Därmed kan konstateras att fler studier behövs för att identifiera dolda faktorer som påverkar följsamheten bland djursjukvårdens personal. Utifrån resultaten kan dock konstateras att interventioner som innebär förbättrade utbildningsprogram i vårdhygien på arbetsplatsen, särskilt på små till medelstora kliniker, bör genomföras. Dessa bör fokusera på handdesinfektion före patientkontakt. Mer effektiv övervakning behövs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
hand hygiene, compliance, animal hospitals, infection control, animal health care workers, veterinary
Keywords [sv]
basala hygienrutiner, följsamhet, djursjukvården, vårdhygien, yrkeskategorier
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16625OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16625DiVA, id: diva2:1289052
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Science: Infection Prevention and Control - Master’s Programme 60 ECTS
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-15 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved

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