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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av möten med patienter som har ett riskbruk eller missbruk av alkohol: En litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses’ experiences of encounters with patients suffering a risk consumption of alcohol or alcohol abuse : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige beräknas 20% av männen och 13% av kvinnorna ha ett riskbruk och 780 000 Svenskar tros ha ett missbruk av alkohol.  I första hand ges psykosocial behandling. Riskbruk och missbruk av alkohol kan orsaka både kortsiktiga, akuta samt långsiktiga skador och sjukdomar. Det är också en bidragande orsak till svåra sociala problem där även anhöriga till den risk- eller missbrukande personen riskerar att drabbas.   Syfte: syftet med studien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av mötet med patienter som har ett riskbruk eller missbruk av alkohol. Metod: En litteraturbaserad studie där elva kvalitativa artiklar analyserats. Resultat: Ur analysen framkom två kategorier; våga ta upp det känsliga ämnet och kunskap skapar säkerhet med åtta underkategorier. Konklusion: Den egna förförståelsen och den kulturella kontexten kring sjuksköterskan påverkar denne i sin möjlighet att avgöra huruvida en patient har ett risk- eller missbruk av alkohol och är i behov av stöd. Det är viktigt att ha en god relation till patienter och lyssna och förstå när de berättar om sin alkoholkonsumtion för att stödja dem till ett liv utan risk- eller missbruk.

Abstract [en]

Backround: In Sweden 20% of the men and 13% of the women are estimated to suffer a risk consumption of alcohol and 780 000 Swedes have an alcohol abuse. The primary treatment is psychosocial care. Risk consumption and alcohol abuse may cause both short-term, acute and long-term diseases and injuries. It is also a contributing cause to severe social issues where relatives to the risk consumer or the alcohol abuser might be affected. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe the nurses’ experience of encounters with patients suffering a risk consumption of alcohol or alcohol abuse. Method: A literature based study in which eleven qualitative articles have been analyzed. Result: Two categories emerged during the analysis and these were dare to raise the sensitive topic and knowledge create security with eight subcategories. Conclusion: The understanding and the cultural context of the nurse affects their ability to determine whether a patient might suffer a risk consumption or alcohol abuse and is in need of help or support. It is important to have a good relationship to the patient to support them to a life with controlled alcohol habits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
abuse, alcohol, encounters, nurses, risk consumption of alcohol
Keywords [sv]
alkohol, missbruk, möten, riskbruk, sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16426OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16426DiVA, id: diva2:1265457
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-23 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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