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Actions, intentions and environmental constraints in biological motion perception
University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. (Interaction Lab (ILAB))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1227-6843
University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. (Interaction Lab (ILAB))
2018 (English)In: Spatial Cognition in a Multimedia and Intercultural World: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Spatial Cognition (ICSC 2018) / [ed] Thomas Hünefeldt, Marta Olivetti Belardinelli, Springer, 2018, Vol. 19 (Suppl 1), p. S8-S8Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In many ways, human cognition is importantly predictive. We predict the sensory consequences of our own actions, but we also predict, and react to, the sensory consequences of how others experience their own actions. This ability extends to perceiving the intentions of other humans based on past and current actions. We present research results that show that social aspects and future movement patterns can be predicted from fairly simple kinematic patterns in biological motion sequences. The purpose of this presentation is to demonstrate and discuss the different environmental (gravity and perspective) and bodily constraints on understanding our social and movement-based interactions with others. In a series of experiments, we have used psychophysical methods and recordings from interactions with objects in natural settings. This includes experiments on the incidental processing of biological motion as well as driving simulator studies that examine the role of kinematic patterns of cyclists and driver’s accuracy to predict the cyclist’s intentions in traffic.  The results we present show both clear effects of “low-level” biological motion factors, such as opponent motion, on the incidental triggering of attention in basic perceptual tasks and “higher-lever” top-down guided perception in the intention prediction of cyclist behavior. We propose to use our results to stimulate discussion about the interplay between expectation mediated and stimulus driven effects of visual processing in spatial cognition the context of human interaction. Such discussion will include the role of context in gesture recognition and to what extent our visual system can handle visually complex environments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 19 (Suppl 1), p. S8-S8
Series
Cognitive Processing, ISSN 1612-4782, E-ISSN 1612-4790
Keywords [en]
biological motion, intention recognition, attention, social cognition
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16357DOI: 10.1007/s10339-018-0884-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16357DiVA, id: diva2:1260516
Conference
7th International Conference on Spatial Cognition (ICSC 2018), Rome, Italy, September 10-14, 2018
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20140220Available from: 2018-11-03 Created: 2018-11-03 Last updated: 2018-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Hemeren, PaulNair, Vipul

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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