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Utmattningssyndrom och arbetsmiljö bland undersköterskor i äldreomsorgen
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Exhaustion disorder and work environment in assistant nurses employed in the elderly care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Utmattningssyndrom beskrivs som en konsekvens av långvarig stress utan möjlighet till återhämtning. De främsta orsakerna till ökad stress är obalans mellan krav och kontroll. Utmattningssyndrom drabbar främst kvinnor och personal i människovårdande yrken, däribland undersköterskor. Syfte: Syftet med denna tvärsnittsstudie var att undersöka vilka faktorer i arbetsmiljön som skulle kunna minska risken bland undersköterskor som arbetar inom äldreomsorgen att drabbas av utmattningssyndrom. Metod: Tvärsnittsstudien genomfördes med en enkätundersökning som undersökte självskattat utmattningssyndrom och arbetsmiljön. Enkäten besvarades av kvinnliga undersköterskor på tre äldreboenden. Resultat: Trettiotre undersköterskor deltog i studien, varav 36% uppfyllde kriterier för utmattningssyndrom. Denna grupp upplevde i lägre utsträckning att de kunde påverka och kontrollera/influera sin arbetssituation och kraven rapporterades mer orimliga. Respondenter som inte uppfyllde dessa kriterier visade en mer optimistisk uppfattning av arbetsmiljön. Slutsats: Data från enkätundersökningen rapporterar ett behov av förbättrad kommunikation mellan chefer/ledarskap och anställda då kraven har rapporterats vara höga, samt låga möjligheter till att kontrollera och influera, samt påverka, sin arbetssituation. Tvärsnittsstudien föreslår implementering av stresshantering för att förebygga stress i verksamheterna.

 

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Exhaustion disorder is described as a consequence of prolonged stress exposure that lacks time for recovery. The foremost causes for increased stress are demand and control imbalance. Exhaustion disorder mainly affects personnel in human-care professions, including assistance nurses. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate which factors in the work environment that potentially could reduce the risk of exhaustion disorder among assistance nurses in the elderly care. Method: This cross-sectional study used a survey with a self-reported formulary for exhaustion disorder and the working environment. The survey respondents were female assistant nurses at three elderly care homes. Result: Thirty-three assistance nurses participated in the study, 36% respondents met the criteria for self-assessed exhaustion disorder. This group experienced that the ability to affect and control/influence their work situation were lower and demands were reported more unreasonable. Respondents that did not meet the criteria were more prone of being optimistic of their working environment. Conclusion: Survey data reported a need of improved communication between managers and employees, due to demands being reported as high as well as low levels of control/influence and to be able to affect the work situation. This cross-sectional study proposes implementation of stress management to prevent stress in the organisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 43
Keywords [sv]
utmattningssyndrom, arbetsmiljö, undersköterskor, äldreomsorg, enkätstudie
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16319DiVA, id: diva2:1256823
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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