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Biological naturalism and biological realism
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. University of Turku, Finland. (Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi, Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2771-1588
2018 (English)In: The Routledge Handbook of Consciousness / [ed] Rocco J. Gennaro, New York: Taylor & Francis, 2018, 1, p. 188-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter summarizes the main principles of Biological Naturalism (BN) and Biological Realism (BR), and analyzes some of their similarities and differences. It contrasts the biological approach represented by BN and BR with another currently influential approach: information theories of consciousness, especially the Information Integration Theory. John Searle appears to accept the two main components of the supervenience relationship between consciousness and the brain: there can be no difference in conscious states without a corresponding difference in the underlying brain states (the covariance principle), and the conscious states owe their existence to the underlying brain states (the principle of ontological dependency). BN fails to offer a coherent account of how the first-person ontology of consciousness is related to the third-person ontology of neurophysiology. Searle suggests that BN solves (or dissolves) the philosophical mind-body problem, but this turns out to be a mere promissory note.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Taylor & Francis, 2018, 1. p. 188-201
National Category
Philosophy Neurosciences
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16056DOI: 10.4324/9781315676982ISI: 000462276300015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85046930629ISBN: 9781317386810 (electronic)ISBN: 9781138936218 (print)ISBN: 9781315676982 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16056DiVA, id: diva2:1246788
Available from: 2018-09-10 Created: 2018-09-10 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved

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Revonsuo, Antti

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf