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Food and beverage intakes according to physical activity levels in European children: the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary and lifestyle induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) study
Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain / Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), Zaragosa, Spain / Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón), Zaragoza, Spain.
Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain.
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology – BIPS, Bremen, Germany.
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology – BIPS, Bremen, Germany.
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2018 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 21, no 9, p. 1717-1725Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) levels and dietary habits are considered some of the most important factors associated with obesity. The present study aimed to examine the association between PA level and food and beverage consumption in European children (2-10 years old).Design/Setting/SubjectsA sample of 7229 children (49·0 % girls) from eight European countries participating in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary and lifestyle induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) study was included. Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was assessed objectively with accelerometers. FFQ was used to register dietary habits. ANCOVA and binary logistic regression were applied.

RESULTS: Boys who spent less time in MVPA reported lower consumption of vegetables, fruits, cereals, yoghurt, milk, bread, pasta, candies and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) than boys who spent more time in MVPA (P<0·05). Moreover, boys who spent less time in MVPA were more likely to consume fast foods and water than those in the highest MVPA tertile (P<0·05). Girls who spent less time in MVPA reported lower consumption frequencies of vegetables, pasta, bread, yoghurt, candies, jam/honey and SSB than girls in the highest MVPA tertile (P<0·05). Also, girls in the lowest MVPA tertile were more likely to consume fast foods and water than those with high levels of MVPA (P<0·05).

CONCLUSIONS: Food intake among European children varied with different levels of daily MVPA. Low time spent in MVPA was associated with lowest consumption of both high- and low-energy-dense foods and high fast-food consumption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 21, no 9, p. 1717-1725
Keywords [en]
Beverages intake, Food intake, IDEFICS study, Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, Physical activity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16111DOI: 10.1017/S1368980018000046ISI: 000434292000016PubMedID: 29457580Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042184359OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16111DiVA, id: diva2:1243339
Available from: 2018-08-31 Created: 2018-08-31 Last updated: 2018-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Eiben, Gabriele

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