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Peace of mind and anxiety in the waking state are related to the affective content of dreams
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Department of Psychology and Speech-Language Pathology, Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. (Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1926-6138
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Turku, Turku, Finland / Department of Computer Science, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Department of Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, Finland. (Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2771-1588
2018 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, article id 12762Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Waking mental well-being is assumed to be tightly linked to sleep and the affective content of dreams. However, empirical research is scant and has mostly focused on ill-being by studying the dreams of people with psychopathology. We explored the relationship between waking well-being and dream affect by measuring not only symptoms of ill-being but also different types and components of well-being. Importantly, this is the first time peace of mind was investigated as a distinct aspect of well-being in a Western sample and in relation to dream content. Healthy participants completed a well-being questionnaire, followed by a three-week daily dream diary and ratings of dream affect. Multilevel analyses showed that peace of mind was related to positive dream affect, whereas symptoms of anxiety were related to negative dream affect. Moreover, waking measures were better related to affect expressed in dream reports rather than participants’ self-ratings of dream affect. We propose that whereas anxiety may reflect affect dysregulation in waking and dreaming, peace of mind reflects enhanced affect regulation in both states of consciousness. Therefore, dream reports may possibly serve as markers of mental health. Finally, our study shows that peace of mind complements existing conceptualizations and measures of well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 8, article id 12762
Keywords [en]
adult, anxiety, article, consciousness, controlled study, dreaming, human, mental health, multilevel, analysis, questionnaire, wakefulness, wellbeing
National Category
Natural Sciences Neurosciences
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16080DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-30721-1ISI: 000442606800008PubMedID: 30143673Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052246506OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16080DiVA, id: diva2:1241849
Available from: 2018-08-24 Created: 2018-08-24 Last updated: 2018-10-22Bibliographically approved

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Sikka, PilleriinRevonsuo, Antti

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