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Socialpsykologisk vy på självet: En kvantitativ analys av personlighet och identitetsutveckling
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Social psychological view of the self : A quantitative analysis of personality and identity development (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka de individuella skillnaderna i hur personlighet påverkar identitetsutvecklingen. ”Honesty-humility (H), Emotionality (E), Extraversion (X), Agreeableness versus Anger (A), Conscientiousness (C) och Openess to Experience (O)” förkortas till HEXACO och används för att definiera personlighet. ”Dimensions of Identity Development Scale” förkortas till DIDS och används för att definiera identitetsutveckling. Studien har samlat data genom fysiska enkäter från 261 svenska högskolestudenter i åldrarna 19-45. Enkäten bestod av färdigställda empiriska instrument för personlighet och identitetsutveckling. Personlighetsdomänerna som testades var ärlighet-ödmjukhet, extraversion, känslosamhet, målmedvetenhet, välvillighet och öppenhet. Identitetsfacetterna som testades var åtagande, identifiering med ställningstagande, utforskande på bredden, utforskande på djupet och grubblande utforskande. Studiens frågeställningar var hur HEXACO påverkar DIDS och hur denna studies resultat kommer att skilja sig från den tidigare forskningens resultat. Resultatet visade exempelvis att hög grad av ärlighet-ödmjukhet påverkar utforskandet negativt, vilket indikerar att personer som tenderar att undvika att manipulera andra och är ointresserade av lyx i mindre grad är utforskande i sin identitetsutveckling. I jämförelsen med den tidigare forskningen har denna studies resultat funnit alternativa personlighets påverkan på identitetsutvecklingen som tidigare forskning inte uppvisar. Exempelvis att hög grad av målmedvetenhet påverkar grubblande utforskande negativt, vilket indikerar att målmedvetna personer har en bra grund för en reflekterade självuppmärksamhet i sitt utforskande av identitetsutveckling.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to analyze how individual differences in personality affects identity development. Honesty-humility (H), Emotionality (E), Extraversion (X), Agreeableness versus Anger (A), Conscientiousness (C) och Openess to Experience (O) is short for HEXACO, and it is used to define personality. Dimension of Identity Development Scale is short for DIDS, and it is used to define identity development. This study has gathered data by collecting questionnaires from 261 Swedish college students in the ages of 19-45. The questionnaire that was used consisted of established definitions for personality and identity development. The personality domains that were analyzed were Honesty-humility, Emotionality, Extraversion, Agreeableness versus Anger, Conscientiousness, and Openess to Experience. The identity facets that was analyzed were Commitment making, Exploration in breadth, Ruminative exploration, Identification with commitment, and Exploration in depth. The questions posed by this study were how HEXACO will affect DIDS, and how the results will compare to previous research. The results showed, for example, that high a degree of Honesty-humility affects exploration negatively. This indicates that people who tend to avoid manipulating others and is not interested in luxuries is less explorative in his or her identity development. In comparing with results with previous research, this study has found new ways in which personality can affect identity development. One example is that a high degree of Conscientiousness affects Ruminative exploration negatively, which indicates that Conscientious people have a good basis for a reflective self to emerge in his or her identity development exploration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 50
Keywords [en]
HEXACO, personality, DIDS, identity facets, affects
Keywords [sv]
Personlighet, identitet, identitetsutveckling, självet, HEXACO, DIDS, femfaktorteorin, självet, psykologi, sociologi, personlighetspsykologi, socialpsykologi
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15936OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15936DiVA, id: diva2:1231427
Subject / course
Social Psychology
Educational program
Social Psychology - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-08 Created: 2018-07-06 Last updated: 2018-07-08Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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