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Kan stress under graviditeten påverka fostret och kopplas samman med folksjukdomar senare i livet?: En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Can stress during pregnancy affect the foetus and can it be linked with public health illnesses later in life? : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Ett vanligt förekommande inslag i många människors liv är stress, som kan göra sig påmind som akut stress, fysisk stress eller den stress som många människor känner av i sin vardag. När människan känner stress aktiveras människans biologiska system för att hantera situationen och stresshormonet kortisol produceras bland annat. The World Health Organisation (WHO) har underrättat om att den materiella stressens roll under graviditeten och uppföljningsstudier har väckt oro för att avkommor från mödrar som utsätts för stress under graviditeten kan ha en ökad risk för specifika sjukdomar såsom missbildningar, astma och psykiska och beteendestörningar.

Syfte: Att beskriva om stress under graviditet påverkar fostret och kan kopplas samman med folksjukdomar senare i livet.

Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt har genomförts genom att kunskap inom ett begränsat område kartlagts, beskrivits, kritiskt granskats och analyserats utifrån tio utvalda vetenskapliga artiklar inom ämnesområdet. I analysen valdes fyra teman ut och utifrån dessa fyra teman skapades fyra resultatrubriker.

Resultat: Forskning visar att stress under graviditet påverkar barnet och kan kopplas samman med folksjukdomar senare i livet hos barnet.

Diskussion: Stress under graviditet är ett komplext problem där många faktorer kan spela roll. Litteraturöversikten visar att de vanligast förekommande folksjukdomarna som diabetes, hjärt-och kärlsjukdom samt fetma, som alla är stora kostnader för samhället, skulle kunna vara resultat av stress under moderns graviditet.

Abstract [en]

Background: A common part of many people's lives is stress, which can be recognized as acute stress, physical stress or stress that many people experience during their daily lives. When a person feels stressed, the human's biological systems are activated to cope with the situation and the stress hormone cortisol is produced, among other things. The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that the role of material stress during pregnancy, and follow-up studies has raised concerns that the offspring to mothers exposed for stress during pregnancy may have an increased risk of specific diseases such as malformations, asthma and mental and behavioral disorders.

Aim: To describe how stress during pregnancy affects the foetus and can be linked with public illnesses later in the child’s life.

Method: A general literature review has been conducted by mapping, describing, critically reviewing and analyzing knowledge in a limited area, based on ten selected scientific articles in the subject area. In the analysis, four themes were selected, and based on these four themes four headings were created.

Results: Research shows that stress during pregnancy affects the child and can be linked to public diseases later in life.

Discussion: Stress during pregnancy is a complex problem where many factors can play a significant role. The literature review shows that the most common public diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and obesity, all of which are major costs for society, could be the result of stress during mother's pregnancy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Stress, pregnancy, child, foetus, public illnesses
Keywords [sv]
Stress, graviditet, barn, foster, folksjukdomar
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15844OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15844DiVA, id: diva2:1225416
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-27 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved

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